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The Role of Collaboration in Improving Indigenous Australian Healthcare Assignment Sample

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The Role of Collaboration in Improving Indigenous Australian Healthcare Assignment Sample

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This assignment is a scholarly article, which is going to discuss about the role of collaboration between indigenous Australian people and non-indigenous Australian people regarding improvement of healthcare and nursing (HC&N). Different barriers and impact of collaboration is going jogging to be discussed in context of Watson’s Theory of Transpersonal Care.

Collaboration in Indigenous Australian nursing context and its positive outcomes

The work collaboration in the indigenous nursing context highlights the collaboration process through which nurses of Australia come together and form a team that helps to solve the various problems related with the patient care and health care system in Australia. The collaboration in the nursing context is an inter professional and intra professional process through which they respectfully share their knowledge and experience with each other. Sharing of knowledge and experiences helps the Australian nurses to get aware of different kinds of medical situations and challenges (Geia et al. 2020). They also get to know about some kind of techniques and reflective healthcare related action necessary in the emergency of the patients. Inter professional And intrapersonal collaboration of people in Australia provide a positive impact in healthcare and nursing of Australia. Moreover, an indigenous collaboration of people opens the door of many healthcare improvement opportunities for the Australasia health services.

Empowers indigenous Australian health professionals

Nursing And healthcare professionals get a wider opportunity to get huge experience from collaboration process. The collaboration process with non-indegenous Australian people helps to empower professionals of healthcare and nursing (HC&N). Collaboration process of people creates a good medical environment for professionals and nurses (Held, 2019). In Australia, doctors were viewed as a quarterback in patient care and services.

Figure 1: Gross value added (GVA) by health care and nursing in Australia

(Source:, 2021)

The above graphs reflect that GVA values of healthcare system of Australia are improving day by day due to collaboration process. In 2018 GVA, value of Australia was 134719 million Australian dollars and in next year, it reached 145150 million Australian dollar. In year, 2021 GVA of healthcare services in Australia reaches 158534 million Australian dollars (, 2021). Therefore, it can be easily seen that collaboration process between indigenous and non-indigenous Australian people allows improvement in health service provision. Collaborative process allows doctors and nurses to take proper and right decisions regarding treatment and care of patients (White & Beagan, 2020). This process also increases inter professional and intra professional collaboration processes with other members of medical team such as radiologists, nurses, social workers, EMTs and many more.

Helps to reduce communication gaps

Collaboration process between Australian healthcare profession and a patient care service professional allows them to reduce communication gap between them. This approach is considered as a holistic approach for Australian healthcare industry. In case, when all healthcare professional work together, a communicative environment generates through it. Before, collaboration process and practices, healthcare professionals in Australia simply look at the roots of their patients’ history and apply treatment for their patients (Yashadhana et al. 2020). In this situation, working independently promotes a risk of missed symptoms and miscommunication of patient’s needs. Sometimes this causes some fatal loss due to communication gaps, which cause death of a patient.

Enables high quality and comprehensive patient care

The collaboration process between the people in Australian HC&N industry made a revolutionary change here. Perhaps, when indigenous Australian people and non- indigenous Australian people work together from different disciplinary work makes more comprehensive patient-care. For example, each medical professional holds a one piece of puzzle, if puzzled pieces are brought together then it makes it easy to understand puzzle. The same thing happens with the patients' needs, collaborative processes help to produce a better understanding of patients' needs and care.

Barriers for effective collaboration and strategies for such barriers


The barriers are considered as the challenges faced in the process of collaboration between indigenous and non-indigenous Australian people. Some barriers are the organizational barriers, some are team level barriers, and some are internal and external barriers.

Lack of clarity in shared, stated and measurable purposes

The lack of clarity for the stated and shared purposes acts as a barrier in terms of effective collaboration process in HC&N services. This barrier provides lack of knowledge and appreciation for other health professionals. Lack of knowledge and improper understanding among the health professionals resist creating an effective collaboration environment. On other hand, this barrier also promotes complaining and arguments between the indigenous and non-indigenous Australian people (Haynes et al. 2021). Situation of complaining does not allow us to share knowledge and experiences properly. Moreover, it provides the lack of collaboration outcome and they do not get the sources or ideas of each other to improve their health care practices and techniques. Imbalanced situation in collaboration process decreases the potentiality of nurses and healthcare professionals.

Lack of communication

The communication is one of most crucial factor for collaboration process in any industry and it is crucial for HC&N industry of Australia. Moreover, in collaboration process the language gap between indigenous Australian people and non- indigenous Australian people is large. Therefore, communication gaps fail to develop a communicative environment in the collaboration process.

Figure 2: Proportion of indigenous language and English speaking people

(Source:, 2018)

The above graph reflects that proportion of the indigenous language speaking people and non- indigenous language speaking people is considerably available that promotes lack of communication in collaboration process. The ;lack of communication doesn't allows health professionals to increase knowledge from different non indigenous professional of HC&N. communication gaps does not allows to get the experience form other professionals and fails to get proper understanding regarding patient’s needs. Nurses fail to understand the required need and care for some critically ill patients, these things cause the death of patients, or some serious health issues of the patients.

Different professional or traditional culture regarding healthcare practices

Different doctors, nurses, and other healthcare professionals get their education in different cultures and different professional cultures. Medicine histories of different professionals are different and this may cause a barrier for the professionals. This acts also as a barrier in the collaboration process in HC&N industry of Australia. These barriers can possess to increase many damage in patient health. Sometimes, due to these barriers, risk of misdiagnosis increases which causes wrong treatment of professionals.


Improve clarity with measurable purposes

The improved clarity with measurable purposes helps the professional to mitigate barriers in healthcare and nursing in Australia. Healthcare system mainly relies on such a way it has done things in the past. Past culture of healthcare and hinder collaboration of professionals helps to mitigate such barriers. Before a collaboration process of indigenous and non- indigenous people, they need to provide some training regarding teamwork and strategies. Training regarding teamwork helps professionals to collaborate successfully with indigenous and non-indigenous people in Australia.

Reducing communication gaps

The reduction of communication gap can be established easily by applying one language strategy in the collaboration process. All activities related to collaboration need to be done with a universal language, which is known by indigenous and non- indigenous people (Haynes et al. 2020). Use of one language may help professionals to get better understanding regarding various activities on collaboration process and allows opening different and new opportunities for healthcare services.

Promote single and basic professional and traditional culture

Different professional and traditional cultures regarding medicine are major barrier in collaboration process in Australia. Different doctors belong from various backgrounds and they have learned different traditions for prescribing medicine and drugs in their practices. Therefore, healthcare professionals can be treated with some basic knowledge of medicine in which they prescribe the same kind of medicine for a required illness.

Decolonizing approaches to healthcare in Australia

Decolonizing approaches mainly allows the dismantling different systematic oppressions and indigenous cultures of the Australian healthcare system. In simple terms, it can be said that the approaches taken to reduce the indigenous cultures of nursing and healthcare services are called decolonization approaches to healthcare. In nursing decolonization is considered as one of the most important aspects in their practices and approaches. Over the decades, nursing literature has provided various kinds of discipline and rules by addressing different sources like racism and race and critical theory perspectives. The decolonizing approaches regarding healthcare like allowing the collaboration process of indigenous people and non-indigenous Australian people have the better opportunity to provide growth and development for nursing and healthcare sector.

Moreover, it provided the indigenous people to interact with the non-indigenous people living there. Decolonization approaches like reduction of monopoly, racism and many more helped to improve nursing services here. People started to get more and more ideas related to nursing techniques and knowledge. The collaboration process allows removing colonizing culture in Australia and involving them in better collaboration and communication. Decolonizing approaches like implication of universal laws and regulation in healthcare allows all indigenous people to get them to access the full priority in nursing and healthcare services. Thai approaches help in better communication and collaboration (Morbeck et al. 2022). All the people of Australia get a better understanding among them the decolonization process also important for the dialogue and negotiation. Moreover, it makes the process more ethnic and more favorable. On the other hand decolonizing approaches is as if power sharing with the indigenous people of the Australian helps them it involve in the nursing and healthcare practices. The ingenious people also are connected with the healthcare system and start to work as healthcare professionals. Decolonizing approaches like power sharing with indigenous people of Australia helps to provide equal opportunity to the people of Australia. Moreover, decolonizing approaches helps people to gain privilege in the Australian community. These approaches not only decolonize the past healthcare related approaches but also promote culturally safe care for indigenous community of the country. Therefore, it can be said that these decolonizing approaches have provided the broader opportunity to improve their health service provisions.

Impact on nursing care and Watson's Theory of Transpersonal Care in decolonizing approaches

These approaches have positively affected nursing care; these approaches not only open new opportunities to the nursing care of Australia but also help to provide quality service to the patients. Decolonizing the health system helps to return the community participants, which establish their true partnership with the healthcare services? According to the theory of Jean Watson, caring of a person regenerates life energies and mainly helps to potentiate the capabilities of humans. The benefits of caring are immeasurable and highly promotes self-acquisition on a professional and personal level (Rabelo, Souza & Silva, 2018). Therefore caring has taken as one of the most crucial aspects in nursing and healthcare practices. Watson emphasized that self-care is also an important aspect for nursing and caring services in the medical field. These approaches promote patient centered care in the nursing services of Australia. The collaboration process makes it easier to achieve the person centered care service in this industry.

Moreover, the decolonizing approach helps to reduce the communication gap between the indigenous and non-indigenous people that promotes the self-acquisition and potential capabilities of humans. Moreover, it improves the team mentality in healthcare and nursing services. The patients get a high amount of benefits from this collaboration process and decolonial approaches. On the other hand, this theory promotes health professionals to work as a team and they allow themselves to collaborate with the other peoples in Australia. By working together, they get more professional regarding teamwork and they can be very active in times of natural disaster or pandemic and provide effective service to the people of Australia.


The main purpose of above scholarly article is to identify key element, factors and aspects of collaboration of indigenous and non- indigenous Australian people. In this paper, various kinds of barriers of effective collaboration and strategies to mitigate those barriers have discussed. Detailed demonstrations of decolonizing approaches to healthcare have derived here. At last, the impact of these approaches is also discussed with help of Watson’s Theory of Transpersonal Care.


  • Geia, L., Baird, K., Bail, K., Barclay, L., Bennett, J., Best, O., ... & Wynne, R. (2020). A unified call to action from Australian nursing and midwifery leaders: ensuring that Black lives matter. Contemporary Nurse, 56(4), 297-308.
  • Haynes, E., Walker, R., Mitchell, A. G., Katzenellenbogen, J., D'Antoine, H., & Bessarab, D. (2021). Decolonizing Indigenous health: Generating a productive dialogue to eliminate rheumatic heart disease in Australia. Social Science & Medicine, 277, 113829.
  • Haynes, E., Mitchell, A., Enkel, S., Wyber, R., & Bessarab, D. (2020). Voices behind the statistics: a systematic literature review of the lived experience of rheumatic heart disease. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(4), 1347.
  • Held, M. B. (2019). Decolonizing research paradigms in the context of settler colonialism: An unsettling, mutual, and collaborative effort. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 18, 1609406918821574.
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  • Rabelo, A. C. S., Souza, F. V. F. S., & Silva, L. D. F. D. (2018). Contribution of transpersonal care to cardiac patients in the postoperative period of heart surgery. Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem, 38.
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  • Yashadhana, A., Fields, T., Blitner, G., Stanley, R., & Zwi, A. B. (2020). Trust, culture and communication: determinants of eye health and care among Indigenous people with diabetes in Australia. BMJ Global Health, 5(1), e001999.
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