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Introduction : Measurement Of Building Works

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There are three major task exist in this project and each task holds separate job. The first task consists an official letter writing from the mentioned company. The second task holds the correction and error detection of given BoQ file. The final task holds the calculation regarding the groundwork calculation which is done on the triple column sheet.


Assessment 2

Task 1: Formal letter writing

Newcastle Quantity Surveying Pty Limited

5A, Richardson Road

Callaghan NSW 2308

May 12, 2023,

Mr. Andrew Jones

23, Sandgate Road

Shortland NSW 2307

Dear Mr. Jones,

Hope you are doing well. I am a quantity surveyor at ‘Newcastle Quantity Surveying Pty Limited’ and I want to explain to you all of your queries about the construction industry.

  1. First I want to describe to you the different types of modern techniques that are used in the construction industry. As there are plenty of modern techniques used, I am mentioning some crucial methods which are given below.

Manufacturing off-site (OSM): This involves transporting building components or entire modules to the construction site for final assembly and assembling them there in a controlled factory environment. Prefabricated timber frames, bathroom pods, and modular housing are examples.

3D Printing: From digital models, this technology creates three-dimensional objects using additive manufacturing (Senaratne and Rodrigo, 2019). Concrete walls and columns are examples of complex shapes and structures that can be made with 3D printing in the construction industry.

Insulated structural panels, or SIPs: These are prefabricated panels that are sandwiched between two layers of structural board and foam insulation. SIPs are easy to install, energy-efficient, and lightweight.

Cross-overlaid lumber (CLT): This is a manageable and tough wood-based development material produced using layers of lumber sheets stuck together at the right points (Lee et al. 2023). CLT is becoming increasingly popular for tall buildings because it can be used to build walls, floors, and roofs.

Precast cement: Concrete components are cast off-site in a factory or precast yard, transported, and installed on-site. Walls, floors, stairways, and other structural components can all be constructed from precast concrete.

The steel of light gauge: Cold-formed steel sections are used in this type of construction system to create lightweight, long-lasting buildings (Clark, 2019). Light check steel is frequently utilized for outlining and cladding in private and business development. The steel gauge is a very important components for construction industry.

Constructability modular: This includes gathering pre-incorporated units or modules into a total structure nearby. Hotels, student housing, and other temporary or semi-permanent structures frequently benefit from modular construction. These are the modern construction techniques that are currently in use. The choice of MMC will be determined by the specific requirements and constraints of the project. Each method has its own advantages and disadvantages.

Smart buildings also lie under the modern methods for construction. Smart buildings are gaining popularity as they maintain the regulations of environmental friendliness and it provides various benefits to the resistance. Some of the key methods of smart building are mentioned below. 

Systems for Building Automation (BAS): The HVAC, lighting, and other systems of a building are all monitored and controlled by the BAS system. It makes it possible to combine various subsystems into a single, centralized system. It is capable of optimizing energy consumption, lowering operating expenses, and increasing productivity and comfort.

IoT: Internet of Things In order to collect and transmit information about occupancy, temperature, humidity, air quality, and energy consumption, IoT sensors can be installed throughout a building. The data can be analyzed to improve comfort, reduce energy use, and optimize building operations.

Systems for managing energy (EMS): EMS is software that optimizes energy consumption by collecting and analyzing data from a building's BAS, IoT sensors, and other sources (Rueda et al. 2020).

Building Data Displaying (BIM): BIM is a computerized model of a structure that integrates information about the structure's plan, development, and activity (Drgo?a et al. 2020). Throughout the building's life cycle, it enables architects, engineers, and builders to collaborate and improve performance.

AI: Artificial Intelligence AI can be used to improve building operations by analyzing data from BAS, IoT sensors, and other sources. It is able to adjust systems to reduce energy consumption, increase comfort, and lower maintenance costs by identifying patterns and anomalies that humans might miss.

Environmentally friendly power Sources: A building's reliance on conventional energy sources can be reduced and operating expenses reduced by incorporating renewable energy sources like geothermal systems, solar panels, and wind turbines (Al Dakheel et al. 2020). For example, the solar panel can be installed on the rooftop of the buildings. It can convert sunlight into energy which can be distributed throughout the building. The power generated by the solar panels can fill the void of lack of electricity and it is environment friendly as well.

Employee Engagement: Shrewd structure innovation can be utilized to connect with tenants and work on their solace and efficiency. For instance, occupants can control lighting, temperature, and other systems through mobile apps, as well as receive notifications regarding maintenance issues or security concerns.

  1. For the second part I want to describe to you the reasons for using the standard method for measurement of building works such as ANZSMM. As there are a few justifications for utilizing a standard technique for the estimation of building works like ANZSMM (Australian and New Zealand Standard Strategy for Estimation) which are elaborated below.

Consistency: By utilizing a normalized strategy for estimation, all gatherings engaged with a development undertaking can guarantee that estimations are reliable and precise. As a result, disagreements, misunderstandings, and discrepancies can be avoided.

Transparency: Standard techniques for estimation give an unmistakable and straightforward reason for evaluating and costing building works (Dong et al. 2019). This makes it simpler for clients, workers for hire, and subcontractors to comprehend how expenses are determined and to analyze evaluations across various activities.

Efficiency: Standard strategies for estimation can assist with smoothing out the most common way of measuring and valuing building works. This can save time and effort while also lowering the likelihood of mistakes or omissions.

Accountability: A standard language for describing and pricing building projects is provided by standard measurement methods. This helps to ensure that there is a clear basis for resolving disputes or claims and that all parties are accountable for the work they are contracted to do.

Adoption across the board: As a recognized and respected standard, ANZSMM is widely used in the construction industry in Australia and New Zealand. Stakeholders in a construction project may benefit from this by gaining trust and confidence.

  1. The next thing I want to describe to you is the advantages of using BoQ that can be provided to the project stakeholders at any time during the project (Ullah et al. 2020). The stakeholders are benefitted from the BoQ as it consists of various crucial sectors of construction such as pricing and quantity of material. The important advantages are given below.

A document known as a "Bill of Quantities" (BoQ) is a comprehensive list of every item, component, labor, and material required to complete a construction project. The following are some of the benefits that BoQ may offer project stakeholders:

Accurate Estimation of Costs: A construction project's total cost is accurately estimated by BoQ. This ensures the project's financial viability and assists project stakeholders in making educated budget decisions.

Enhanced Project Management: BoQ provides a comprehensive list of all project-related materials and labor. This helps project partners to design the task timetable and course of events all the more precisely, and guarantee that all assets are accessible when required.

Clear Extent of Work: The project's scope of work is laid out clearly and in great detail in BoQ. As a result, stakeholders in the project are better able to comprehend the project's requirements and expectations and ensure that all work meets the required standards.

Project contracts: This ensures that the project is awarded to the best contractor and helps contractors prepare accurate bids. Moreover, the BoQ is a useful document that gives project stakeholders a clear understanding of the construction project's scope, requirements, and costs. It contributes to improved project planning, risk mitigation, and project completion on time and within budget.

Now I want to describe to you the practical uses of BoQ in the construction industry. There are several utilities of BoQ in the project industry as it can identify the estimated cost and the quantity of the required materials. The crucial practical uses are given below.

Estimation of Cost: BoQ gives a nitty gritty breakdown of the multitude of required materials, work, and hardware costs important to finish the undertaking. This information can be used to estimate the project's total cost to the contractor or project manager.

Tendering: BoQ serves as the foundation for tendering because it contains a comprehensive list of all project-related materials, labor, and equipment (Economidou et al. 2020). This information can be used by contractors to provide precise bids for the project.

Procurement: By providing a comprehensive list of all required materials and services, BoQ aids in the procurement process. This information makes it easier to choose the right vendor or supplier for the project.

Planning a Project: BoQ can be used to plan the project by figuring out when materials and services will be delivered. Additionally, it aids in determining the project's critical path and scheduling work accordingly.

Control of Quality: BoQ can be utilized for quality control by determining the nature of materials expected for the venture. This aids in guaranteeing that the materials utilized are of the right quality and satisfy the expected guidelines.

Variations: BoQ helps in recognizing varieties in the venture by giving a benchmark to the task's degree. To determine the effect on the project's cost and timeline, any changes to the scope can be compared to the BoQ.

  1. In the final part, I want to explain to you the services that are provided by the quantity surveyors.

Cost Management: QS can assist with planning cost plans and financial plans for development projects. This incorporates assessing the expense of materials, work, and different costs.

Advice on Buying: Design and build, construction management, and traditional tendering are just a few of the procurement strategies that QS can assist with. They can likewise assist with the determination of project workers and providers.

Controlling Contracts: QS can help with the organization of agreements between clients, project workers, and subcontractors. They are capable of managing payments, evaluating bids, and preparing contract documents (Hong et al. 2020). By ensuring that contracts are properly structured and administered, quantity surveyors aid in contract management and reduce the likelihood of disputes and claims.

Control of costs: QS is able to keep track of project costs and assist in locating potential cost savings. They can also negotiate final accounts, evaluate variations, and prepare valuations.

Management of risk: Risks associated with a project, such as cost overruns, delays, or quality issues, can be identified and managed by QS. Amount assessors can recognize possible dangers and assist with moderating them by creating alternate courses of action and giving quotes to expected situations. This makes it less likely that there will be delays or extra costs.

Resolution of Conflict: QS can help with settling debates between parties engaged with a development project. They can serve as mediators or arbitrators as well as expert witnesses. By providing accurate quantity take-offs and cost estimates that inform the project's timeline and budget, quantity surveyors play a crucial role in project planning. This makes it more likely that the project will be finished on time and within budget.

Sustainability: Sustainable building techniques, such as the selection of materials, waste reduction, and energy-efficient building design, can be discussed with QS. Moreover, quantity surveyors are necessary to guarantee that construction projects will be completed on time, within budget, and to the required quality standards (Zhao et al. 2019). By keeping an eye on the quality of the materials, labor, and equipment used in the project and making suggestions for improvement, quantity surveyors can contribute to quality control.

I hope this information will be enough for you to get an overview of the construction industry and will be helpful for your future journey.


Quantity Surveyor, ‘Newcastle Quantity Surveying Pty Limited

Task 2: Reviewing a BoQ

The main requirement of Task 2 is to identify the errors in the given BoQ file. As the BoQ is prepared by one who is doing it for the first time, there might be some errors in the description of the material (Geng et al. 2019). The errors are required to be highlighted with red ink as they can be rectified easily. There are various items left which are needed to be added to the BoQ file. The required items are added to the file in red ink. The discussion about the added items is given below. 

Corrected BoQ

Figure 1: Corrected BoQ

(Source: Self-created in Excel)

The first added item is framework concise which is an important criterion for BoQ of construction. Various things are consisted in this section such as the internal and external faces of the wall, and the side and soffits of the attached beam (Saks, 2019). Along with these another factor is rectangular and circular penetration which defines the shape that occurred during the penetration. The crucial points of the added factors are bar reinforcement, foundation work, integral finishes, and in-situ concrete. Only description and unit are considered for the correction as the price and the quantity were asked to avoid.

Task 3: Taking-off quantities of the Groundworks section

This section holds the calculation of the groundwork section in the provided Excel file. In order to complete the calculation part, the template of the triple-column calculation sheet is provided. Various sections consist of the calculator sheet such as the unit, description quantity, and dimension of the material.

Groundwork Calculation

Figure 2: Groundwork Calculation

(Source: Self-created in Excel)

The key attributes that are calculated in this sheet are earthwork in the excavation of the foundation, PCC in the foundation, RCC column, and DPC at the plinth level (Obrenovic et al. 2020). The related calculations regarding the important factors are given in the given template which is the triple-column sheet. The dimensions of the factors are multiplied by the number of entities that exist in the structural drawing.


This section holds brief information about the whole study. There are three major task performed in this study. Each part has specific job which is discussed earlier. The first part is the official letter which followed by BoQ correction and groundwork calculation.

Reference list


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