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Assessment 2: Individual Essay

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An Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Service is one kind of incorporated Aboriginal healthcare organization, which is initiated depending upon the local aboriginal community. The thesis statement of this essay is to identify aboriginal health care organizations such as VACCHO in Victoria and their impact on self-determination and holistic health care in addressing the colonization effects.

Evaluation of Regional and Metropolitan Aboriginal led health organization

This segment is incorporated with one regional and metropolitan aboriginal-led health organization in Australia. The corona-virus pandemic is one kind of serious health issue and VAHS may continue in terms of providing services to the Australian community (Taylor et al. 2021). VAHS, or “Victorian Aboriginal Health Services” is providing effective and proper services to the community via phone calls and it is safe for both the healthcare staff and the community (Vahs, 2022). The “Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organization” is selected as a Metropolitan aboriginal health service and it provides effective health services to the indigenous people in Australia. A large number of population group including children, mothers and old people get quality care and ACHHO mainly focuses on determinants on health in social basis. Aboriginal Medical Services are providing a cultural accurate alternative in mainstreaming the medical services and it is helping to address health disparity and advocating indigenous empowerment and rights (Nunku, 2022). On the other hand, the “Victorian Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organization” is selected as a regional health organization in Australia. In addition, this health care organization is providing primary support by arranging Indigenous Australian’s Health Program and it is providing Torres and Aboriginal Strait Islander individuals having better access to high-quality services and improving physical and mental well-being (Vaccho, 2022). Primery services of VACCHO mainly focus on transformative outcome, social and healthy wellbeing and pharmacy staff, health care workers and health professionals provide services.

Health care providers provide holistic care by following the NMBA nursing standards. All healthcare providers related to staff need to deliver therapeutic care in terms of overcoming the health issue which is as per NMBA standard 6 (Wright, 2022). On the other hand, Colonization is providing results in racism, inequality and aboriginal disruption among indigenous people in Australia. Even though it is also detrimental of health determination, it continues in influencing Torres and Aboriginal Strait Islanders of health outcomes in recent days (Jones et al. 2022). The term Colonization is severely disrupting the aboriginal economy and society, such as epidemic disease, which is caused by immediate life loss and land occupation by restriction of aboriginal individuals in reserving the disrupted al their capability in supporting themselves (Beks et al. 2019). The major impacts of Colonization on aboriginal individuals are loss of identity, dispossession and loss of land.

The factor of self-determination is a key component in ensuring the cultural, spiritual, social, emotional and physical well-being of the individuals belonging to the Aboriginal community living in Australia. This factor is considered crucial in the formulation of health policies that has a role in producing sustainable and effective health outcomes for the people belonging to indigenous communities (NACCHO, 2022). The role of self-determination in health is based pon the fact that it allows the people to gain control over the choices made. In the context of the mental health of the people, self-determination is directly linked to the increased chances of personal recovery from mental illness. This can be explained by the fact that self-determination helps the individual in generating self-regulated, autonomous and self-directed responses for both mental and physical health.

This segment is included about the role of health care providers in supporting aboriginal self-determination and providing holistic care for leading a long terms lifestyle. As stated by James et al. (2020), the health care staffs is creating a b bond among aboriginal people and care providers, which is depending upon the foundation of respect. Creating a b bond is helping the aboriginal people in getting special care from healthcare providers. In addition, with the help of ACCHO and VACCHO principles, healthcare staff may provide special care and improve the organizational infrastructure.

Another beneficial approach for achieving good health in the community is based on the adoption of the holistic type of health care system. The system of a holistic way of p[rovidinbg healthcare to the people is based on the inclusion of psychological, physical, spiritual and emotional dimensions that contribute to the increased well-being of the people. According to Pettit et al. (2019), a holistic approach is crucial for the success of a healthcare program. In the context of the people belonging to the Aboriginal community in Australia, it is found that the success of a public healthcare program is determined by its cultural appropriateness and this determines the acceptability of the program by the people. It is also suggested that the resources are well utilized when a holistic approach is employed.

The factor of lifelong type of learning is also significant for ensuring the well being of the population. This is based on the factor of self-education and personal development of the individuals.


It has been concluded that healthcare providers are playing a major role in providing effective and positive care to overcome health issues. Henceforth, it can be concluded that regional and metropolitan aboriginal-led health organizations are taking special care of the indigenous individuals in Australia to overcome health issues.


Beks, H., Binder, M. J., Kourbelis, C., Ewing, G., Charles, J., Paradies, Y., ... & Versace, V. L. (2019). Geographical analysis of evaluated chronic disease programs for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in the Australian primary health care setting: a systematic scoping review. BMC public health, 19(1), 1-17.

James, D. B., Lee, K. S., Patrao, T., Courtney, R. J., Conigrave, K. M., & Shakeshaft, A. (2020). Understanding the client characteristics of Aboriginal residential alcohol and other drug rehabilitation services in New South Wales, Australia. Addiction science & clinical practice, 15(1), 1-14.

Jones, J., Durey, A., Strobel, N., McAuley, K., Edmond, K., Coffin, J., & McAullay, D. (2022). Perspectives of health service providers in delivering best-practice care for mothers and their Aboriginal babies during the postnatal period.

NACCHO, (2022), Aboriginal health in Aboriginal hands,

Nunku, (2022). Aboriginal Community Controlled.

Pettit, S., Simpson, P., Jones, J., Williams, M., Islam, M. M., Parkinson, A., ... & Butler, T. (2019). Holistic primary health care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoners: exploring the role of Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisations. Australian and New Zealand journal of public health, 43(6), 538-543.

Taylor, A., Wilson, T., Temple, J., Kelaher, M., & Eades, S. (2021). The future growth and spatial shift of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population, 2016–2051. Population, Space and Place, 27(4), e2401.

Taylor, E.V., Lyford, M., Holloway, M., Parsons, L., Mason, T., Sabesan, S. and Thompson, S.C., 2021. “The support has been brilliant”: experiences of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander patients attending two high performing cancer services. BMC health services research, 21(1), pp.1-15.

Wright, L. K. (2022). Professional portfolios. Australian Nursing and Midwifery Journal, 27(6), 40.

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