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Covid-19 Pandemic issue on mental health and wellbeing of individuals in Australia

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Introduction - The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Mental Health in Australia Assignment Sample

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The Covid-19 pandemic cases in global prospect have been estimated with 2.4 million confirmed cases. In Australia, the number of cases is confirmed at 10,075,722, and deaths have been recorded at 14,077. The Pandemic is threatening the health of individuals with physical and mental destruction. The mental health issues developed during the covid-19 Pandemic spared Australia anxiety, depression and stress development. The long-term treatment and diagnosis of mentally ill patients have rapidly enhanced. The report of ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) has delivered three estimated statistics with 22% of mental health cases growth in pandemic situations. By January 2021, the cases associated with mental health destruction in Australia have geared up to 21%. However, this essay is going to investigate the Covid-19 Pandemic's impacts on the mental of Australian people. The diagnosis process of a patient with mental health restoration seems to be affected by covid-19 pandemic impacts. The future scope of this essay will be followed the developed intervention process adequate for a particular group of communities in Australia.

Reason for Covid-19 Pandemic issue on mental health and wellbeing of individuals in Australia

Depression, psychological well-being and anxiety are common forms of mental health issues developing during the covid-19 Pandemic. According to Newby et al. (2020), the well-being of the mental health of individuals from Australia is destructed by pressure and forces driven by covid-19 threats. The social distancing and lockdown procedures have evolved the psychological issues. The existing issues in case mental patients seem to be developed, while, the induction of anxiety and depression in people and communities due to covid-19 pandemic spread has been significant. As stated by Van Rheenen et al. (2020), induce acute anxiety and panic in older aged people has been reported in several hospitals and care institutions. Therefore, the Australian societies and health sectors are being regulated with governmental rules and regulations of practices.

 Mental health stability and intervention for a patient with a poor mental state are deliberately disrupted with pandemic consequences. As reported by the Australian health sector, the prominent number of cases of covid-19 infection has further resulted in depression development. Possible cause of Covid-19 risk is strategically associated with depression which is interconnected among 37% of the population above the age of 40 years in Australia. However, the younger populations aged 23 to 35 years have reported a 27% high chance of developing anxiety and depression. Moreover, suffering from Coronavirus infection is higher in the case older population. Older aged people have recognized severe chances of developing panic. According to Li et al. (2021), the adolescent group from Australia is highlighted with Post-traumatic stress outcomes of anxiety development and panic development being recognized. However, the long-term destruction of post-traumatic stress development in older people from Australia has been asserted to be the most vulnerable position.

In the Australian population, different age groups, including children, adults, and older people, display different rates of mental health impacts. The most vulnerable situation of the Australian population during Covid-19 is being addressed with isolation. Isolation is the most vital and critical state of intervention to control the spread of covid-19. On the other hand, this intervention process has developed into the secondary cause of mental health illness in patients. The Australian health administration, with a legislative account of mental health services, is important to develop the treatment (Strober, 2018). Hence, the social stigma during the pandemic development has produced a high rate of cases in the older population.

Bio-psychological impacts of contemporary issues on individuals diagnosed with mental illness

The biopsychological diseases among the population with neuromuscular disease have reported a significant impact on covid-19 impacts. NMD patients in acre sectors and in family-based care have asserted the significant loss of monitoring and developing complex states for interventions. According to de Figueiredo et al. (2021), social factors have affected the mental health of Covid-19 patients in Australia. The biological, social, ad environmental factors in association with health development have been directed with intervention procedures. Therefore, a reflection of significant health destruction in the account of the psychological state and physical state of well-being is dynamic in nature. The predominating mental health issues with neurological imparities. The schizophrenia issue of the patient is being affected by dopamine. In a similar direction, this process of interaction between biological stare with psychological impacts consents.

Depression and stress among patient with covid-19 infection is reported to have poor health outcomes. As suggested by Strober (2018), the psychological well-being of individuals with or without severe health issues is stimulated by environmental factors. The wider aspects of environmental factors are being identified with diet, socioeconomic position, and the activity of the individual and cultural impacts. Hence, the relevant evidence is being asserted to have greater insight for evaluating the psychological complication with biological interferences. The health issues of patients with severe weakness and sleeping disorders are common examples of bio-psychological issues (Strober, 2018). The diagnosis process of patients with mental disorders and illnesses has been asserted to most frequently cause withdrawal issues. Incomplete treatment and medication have been reported in early people. According to Caspi & Moffitt (2018), the mental health dimension of patients with moderate to acute issues is following significant medication and therapies.

Social isolation during the pandemic phases has developed psychological stress in the patient treatment process. Stress has affected the biological responses of individuals. As suggested by Tan et al. (2020), during the covid-19 Pandemic, the mental health of the Australian population is poorly regulated with lower communication and nursing interferences. The mental health destruction of patients, as well as the frontline workers in healthcare, resulted in interrupted healthcare services. However, most cases are followed up the biopsychological issues. The biopsychological issues of patients in the treatment process reduced the efficacy of viable treatments and interventions provided by the hospitals. The responses and reports are evaluated 34% of negative responses of patients in services and deliverables do not satisfy the patient care approach (Zhou et al. 2020). Thus, the poor psychological penetration and stable form of therapeutic decision-making developed the complex cognitive inception for patients.

Supporting evidence on people experiencing mental health issues

The covid-19 outbreak is one of the most disastrous outbreaks in recent years. Many countries are affected by this outbreak; among them, Australia is the worst affected. The outbreak not only affected the respiratory systems of the people but also impacted their psychological well-being. The total number of local infections in Australia was low as compared to the other countries due to its geographic isolation from other countries having a higher rate of covid-19 cases. According to Johnson et al. (2021), individuals who were affected by the covid-19 and individuals who were not affected by the covid-19 are suffering from a mental breakdown due to the impact on their psychological understanding. This effect has become a chronic disease for the people in the post covid era in Australia. According to Butterworth et al. (2022), the population of Australia did not suffer much from the effects of the covid-19 infection as they have suffered or are suffering from adverse mental health issues. This has happened mainly due to the strict lockdown rules imposed by the government and police and military organizations. The lockdowns were instrumental in containing the infection caused by the covid-19. For example, the administration of Victoria city was very much successful in spreading the disease by imposing strict lockdown restrictions (Johnson et al. 2021).

The mental health breakdown was mainly observed in old age people and in working-class men. As opined by Saragih et al. (2021) the major effect of lockdown is the chronic psychological breakdown in the people of Australia. The lockdown means strict restrictions from travelling and going out of homes or places inhabitation. The working class men living in other cities were major subjects to this effect as they were unable to visit their homes due to strict travelling and lockdown restrictions. As depicted by Violant-Holz et al. (2020), in the year 2021, around 134 million mental health cases are recognized due to the heavy impact of Covid-19 on young adults. In addition, approximately 909 deaths are identified due to the effect of Covid-19 on young adults’ mental states.

Additionally, due to the heavy impact of the lockdown, young adults are unable to communicate with their friends and are unable to interact directly. Henceforth, isolation or quarantine is a significant factor in terms of affecting the mental health of every individual in Australia. Covid-19 pandemic is majorly affecting young adults’ mental health; henceforth, it is negatively affecting the relationship between friends or family relationship (Johnson et al. 2021. Furthermore, due to the strong impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, it is increasing the rate of anxiety and depression and also it is increasing the level of suicides due to self-isolation. Adolescents are becoming Vulnerable to the onset of Mental Illness at their developmental stage and it is increasing the rate of self-harm among young adults in Australia. 

Conclusion

The mental health destruction of the population in Australia is a significant concern for public health. Therefore, with the stimulation of covid-19 pandemic impact has developed the risk and threats to the mental stability of individuals. The overall discussion based on the evidence collected from secondary sources has allowed underlining biopsychological factors. However, the critical evaluation has demonstrated the major conclusive aspect of covid-19 impact on mental health at the core position. The centralized issues of this Pandemic have been recognized with isolation, social distancing and lower communication, all these factors are externally regulated and o impacting on the mental state of individuals. Hence, the future scope can be evaluated with mitigating strategies for eliminating the biopsychological issues in the Australian population.

References

Butterworth, P., Schurer, S., Trinh, T.A., Vera-Toscano, E. and Wooden, M., 2022. Effect of lockdown on mental health in Australia: evidence from a natural experiment analysing a longitudinal probability sample survey. The Lancet Public Health, 7(5), pp.e427-e436.

Caspi, A., & Moffitt, T. E. (2018). All for one and one for all: Mental disorders in one dimension. American Journal of Psychiatry, 175(9), 831-844. Retrieved on 7 Sep 2022. From : https://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/doi/full/10.1176/appi.ajp.2018.17121383

de Figueiredo, C. S., Sandre, P. C., Portugal, L. C. L., Mázala-de-Oliveira, T., da Silva Chagas, L., Raony, Í., ... & Bomfim, P. O. S. (2021). COVID-19 pandemic impact on children and adolescents' mental health: Biological, environmental, and social factors. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, 106, 110171. Retrieved on 7 Sep 2022. From : https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278584620304875

Johnson, L., Gutridge, K., Parkes, J., Roy, A. and Plugge, E., 2021. Scoping review of mental health in prisons through the COVID-19 pandemic. BMJ open, 11(5), p.e046547.

Li, S. H., Beames, J. R., Newby, J. M., Maston, K., Christensen, H., & Werner-Seidler, A. (2021). The impact of COVID-19 on the lives and mental health of Australian adolescents. European child & adolescent psychiatry, 1-13. Retrieved on 7 Sep 2022. From : https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s00787-021-01790-x.pdf

Newby, J. M., O’Moore, K., Tang, S., Christensen, H., & Faasse, K. (2020). Acute mental health responses during the COVID-19 pandemic in Australia. PloS one, 15(7), e0236562. Retrieved on 7 Sep 2022. From : https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0236562

Saragih, I.D., Tonapa, S.I., Saragih, I.S., Advani, S., Batubara, S.O., Suarilah, I. and Lin, C.J., 2021. Global prevalence of mental health problems among healthcare workers during the Covid-19 pandemic: a systematic review and meta-analysis. International journal of nursing studies, 121, p.104002.

Strober, L. B. (2018). Quality of life and psychological well-being in the early stages of multiple sclerosis (MS): Importance of adopting a biopsychosocial model. Disability and health journal, 11(4), 555-561. Retrieved on 7 Sep 2022. From : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6177284/pdf/nihms974112.pdf

Tan, E. J., Meyer, D., Neill, E., Phillipou, A., Toh, W. L., Van Rheenen, T. E., & Rossell, S. L. (2020). <? covid19?> Considerations for assessing the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health in Australia. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 54(11), 1067-1071. Retrieved on 7 Sep 2022. From : https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0004867420947815

Van Rheenen, T. E., Meyer, D., Neill, E., Phillipou, A., Tan, E. J., Toh, W. L., & Rossell, S. L. (2020). Mental health status of individuals with a mood-disorder during the COVID-19 pandemic in Australia: initial results from the COLLATE project. Journal of affective disorders, 275, 69-77. Retrieved on 7 Sep 2022. From : https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165032720323958

Violant-Holz, V., Gallego-Jiménez, M.G., González-González, C.S., Muñoz-Violant, S., Rodríguez, M.J., Sansano-Nadal, O. and Guerra-Balic, M., 2020. Psychological health and physical activity levels during the COVID-19 pandemic: a systematic review. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(24), p.9419.

Zhou, X., Snoswell, C. L., Harding, L. E., Bambling, M., Edirippulige, S., Bai, X., & Smith, A. C. (2020). The role of telehealth in reducing the mental health burden from COVID-19. Telemedicine and e-Health, 26(4), 377-379. Retrieved on 7 Sep 2022. From : https://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/doi/pdf/10.1176/appi.ajp.2018.17121383

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