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What is Autism? Assignment Sample

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Introduction

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Autism is known as Autism spectrum disorder or ASD. It is a mental disability which has occurred due to differences in brain. Some ASD has occurred due to genetic causes. The common symptom of this disease is the hurdle in communicating with other people. It also includes different skills which have occurred due to this disease. Some people, especially those born with Autism, have a special skill in representing their thoughts using different means such as painting and other visual arts. In this study, three different aspects have been evaluated. This evaluation is based on the interview of Whitehouse who is a prominent child psychologist. With these, social stigma, myths and biases have also been evaluated in this study and presented a convincing conclusion at the end.

Autism and society

Understandings about autism from a person-centred

According to Hus Segal (2021), diagnosis of Autism has many difficulties. It is a neuropathic disorder that reduces the speaking and communication ability of the impacted person. This is crucial for the children in their early development of intellectuality. This is due to inappropriate or no medical test of the same. Therefore, early childhood care cannot be possible which deteriorates the situation further (Hume et al. 2021). Therefore, understating the effects of this disease based on a person-centric approach can be done after the development of self-consciousness in the children. Current treatment for this disease is merely hovering around reducing difficulties performing daily routine work. As ASD impacts people differently, therefore, different sets of skills and disabilities have been observed. This creates uniqueness which reduces the scope for a person-centric approach.

Bias, stigma myths associated with Autism

As cited by Mayes et al. (2022), autism is a source of social stigma for the parents as they are subjected to complaints due to annoyance created by their child impacted by Autism. According to Smith et al. (2020), stigma keeps families subscribed to medical treatment for their children. This enhances the risks and reduces the scope for a normal life for their children. This is due to different biased perspectives and myths associated with Autism. This includes myths of spreading the disease, social reputation, selfish approach of the print to maintain their social reputation and others. This reduces the scope for curing the disease, albeit not possible. I found this to be a negative social impact of the disease (Riojas?Cortez Martinez, 2022). I believe that if this stigma and biases are reduced, the majority of social issues associated with autism will also be reduced.

Children don't 'grow out of autism

According to Whitehouse, Autism is a lifelong condition and therefore incurable. This does not indicate that children are unable to improve their speaking and communication abilities (Whitehouse, 2017). This enhanced their social acceptance and caring behaviour of their parents. Therefore, children do not grow up with Autism rather it has been promoted by society. I have found that there are effective for mitigating different life challenges if not restricted by their parents. Therefore, their growth has been hampered by the so-called social reputation. This is effective for analysing the scope of curing approach for the children affected by his particular disease. Autism children are also effective in academics but the judging parameters are required to be changed for their evaluation. Evaluation is required to be followed by all means of communication such as visual answering using flow charts, diagrams and figures which the children associated with this disease are efficient at (Autism.org, 2022). This could ensure effective evaluation of the academic skill of the children.

People on the spectrum can have a great sense of humour

People associated with Autism can make difference as they possess a great sense of humour. They can laugh and can also joke and laugh at the same (Whitehouse, 2017). They are generally impressed with the funny conversation and enjoy their full companion. They understand things which are not understood by many people. I found that they also love to play on field and have great skills for altering the general conception of society. Their sense of humour, I found, expands beyond jocking to understanding nominal sarcastic elements in the conversation. They use to judge people based on their experiences with the same people as they have stronger remembering power. Therefore, I believe that they need to be judged as unsympathetic entities of society rather than evaluated based on their extraordinary sense of humour.

Not all people on the spectrum have intellectual disability

It has been found by Chernov (2020), that not all the people associated with Autism are intellectually disabled. Those who have come up with the social stigma present a great facet of intellectuality (Whitehouse, 2017). I feel that people who have communication difficulties could also possess some extraordinary intellect. Solving puzzles in a relatively lesser time can be observed in the Autism child. I feel to assess their intellectuality; some different measures for assessment are required to be developed. Of course, that is not required to be the same as what has been used to assess a normal child. I found that role of society is crucial for further escalating their intellectual skills. Majority of children born with this disease possess strong effective memory which can be utilised by them in many professions in society. Therefore, I strongly recommend recognizing them as similar social members as they also possess some special skills which are also possessed by others.

Conclusion

I have found that Autism is a minute mental disorder which has been increased due to misconceptions by societal members. Myths associated with this disease are so strong that even an intellectual child having Autism is hindered in mainstream society. They are very effective for expressing their ideas and things in a visual medium such as painting and other means of creativity which is not limited to verbal communications. According to me, reliability in verbal communication is required to be relaxed to assess the intellect of a child with Autism. I found that their skill of remembering things is stronger than a normal child. Therefore, I could conclude that the role of Autism as a disease is not limited to the medical realm but is also impacted by the social actions against the person associated with this disease. They could also be proven effective human beings if deployed in a place suitable for their own taste based on their level of intellect.

References

Journals

Chernov, A. N. (2020). Pathophysiological mechanisms of autism in children. Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni SS Korsakova, 120(3), 97-108. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17116/jnevro202012003197

Huang, J., Du, C., Liu, J., Tan, G. (2020). Meta-analysis on intervention effects of physical activities on children and adolescents with autism. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(6), 1950. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061950

Hume, K., Steinbrenner, J. R., Odom, S. L., Morin, K. L., Nowell, S. W., Tomaszewski, B., ... Savage, M. N. (2021). Evidence-based practices for children, youth, and young adults with autism: Third generation review. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 51(11), 4013-4032. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-020-04a844-2

Hus, Y., Segal, O. (2021). Challenges surrounding the diagnosis of autism in children. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 17, 3509. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2147%2FNDT.S282569

Mayes, S. D., Baweja, R., Waschbusch, D. A., Calhoun, S. L. (2022). Relationship between IQ and Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms in Children with Autism and Children with ADHD. Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 15(2), 95-110. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/19315864.2022.2029643

Riojas?Cortez, M., Martinez, M. (2022). Read?Alouds: A Case Study of Two Preschoolers on the Autism Spectrum. The Reading Teacher. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/trtr.2129

Smith, K. A., Gehricke, J. G., Iadarola, S., Wolfe, A., Kuhlthau, K. A. (2020). Disparities in service use among children with autism: A systematic review. Pediatrics, 145(Supplement_1), S35-S46. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2019-1895G

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