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Discuss How Declining Health, Illness and/or Disability Can Influence Occupational Performance Answer

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Q 1: Discuss how declining health, illness and/or disability can influence occupational performance

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Fitness is a big factor in occupational performance. Working is a crucial part of any person’s life and can deliver a feeling of purpose and satisfaction. Yet, when anyone’s health starts to deteriorate due to disability or illness, their workability can be impacted. The main discussion in this essay is how health issues, disability and illness can affect occupational performance.


Physical restrictions due to disability or illness affecting working performance

Occupational performance means the capability to bring out daily tasks and activities essential to fulfil the needs of life. It is impacted by different factors, including physical, emotional, cognitive and environmental factors. Nevertheless, declining health, sickness, and disability may significantly affect occupational performance. Here, it could be discussed on sickness, declining health, and disability can influence occupational performance. Declining fitness is a normal part of the human ageing process, and this can affect occupational performance in various ways (D’Arrigo et al., 2020). As old age comes, individuals’ physical capabilities reduce, and they may face limitations in strength, mobility, and endurance. Which can make it hard to bring out activities of day-to-day living, for example, bathing, dressing, cleaning and preparing meals. In addition, declining health may also impact one's cognitive abilities, like attention, memory, and problem-solving abilities. This can make it hard to perform chores that need attention and concentration on detail, such as driving a car or managing finances.

Mental limitations due to sickness or disability concerning occupational performance

Sickness can have a notable impact on occupational routine. Relying on the nature and severity of the sickness, any individual can experience various physical, emotional or cognitive symptoms that could affect their job performance. When anyone is sick, individuals may feel physical symptoms like fatigue, pain, and weakness; this can limit one's ability to do daily activities (Sarsak, 2020). An individual having a chronic ailment such as numerous sclerosis can experience muscle weakness, fatigue, and coordination difficulty to perform daily tasks, For example, cooking or cleaning. In Addition, sickness can also affect one's mental health, and break out symptoms such as depression and anxiety, which may make it hard to perform tasks and focus effectively, and all of this could create a challenge to perform occupational tasks.

Disability is a phrase used to define a mental or physical impairment, which substantially restricts one or more significant life activities. This can be inborn, acquired through illness or injury, or age-related. Physical disabilities, for example, amputation or paralysis, can restrict mobility and need the usage of assistive gadgets, which can be challenging to accomplish daily activities (Johnson et al., 2019). Cognitive disabilities, such as mental illness or developmental disabilities, can affect mental abilities and make it difficult to perform jobs that need concentration and awareness of detail. Now disability can also impactful on job-related working performance. Relying on the extent and kind of disability, a person can face cognitive or physical limitations, which can make this challenging to accomplish certain occupational tasks. For example, anyone facing a mobility impairment can face difficulty in task compilation that involves standing or walking for lengthy times.

Some options open for individuals who facing health issues to working

Regardless of the reason, declining health, sickness, and disability may have a notable impact on job-related performance. In many cases, these factors could require individuals to change their day-to-day life or seek help to bring out daily tasks (Pergolotti et al., 2019). Such as anyone with arthritis approach may need to use adaptive tools to make it more comfortable to perform day-to-day activities, such as a grab bar in the bathroom or operating a shower chair. In addition, somebody with chronic diseases may need to adjust their job program or take breaks for the whole day to handle signs such as tiredness. It is vital to mention that the effect of illness, declining health, or disability on job-related performance can differ depending on the person and their exact circumstances. Some people may be capable to continue operating with modifications or accommodations to their work duties, while the rest people may require taking sick leave or pursuing other employment options.


It could be concluded that declining health, sickness, and disability may have a notable impact on job-related performance. Employers and individuals must identify the challenges, which can appear and work jointly to find answers that allow one to continue to function productively and safely. By providing accommodations and support, one with deteriorating health, sickness, or disability can continue to donate their talents and skills to the workforce.


  • D’Arrigo, R., Copley, J. A., Poulsen, A. A., & Ziviani, J. (2020). Parent engagement and disengagement in paediatric settings: An occupational therapy perspective. Disability and Rehabilitation42(20), 2882-2893.
  • Johnson, K. R., Blaskowitz, M., & Mahoney, W. J. (2019). Occupational therapy practice with adults with intellectual disability: what more can we do? The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy7(2), 12.
  • Pergolotti, M., Deal, A. M., Williams, G. R., Bryant, A. L., McCarthy, L., Nyrop, K. A., ... & Muss, H. B. (2019). Older adults with cancer: a randomized controlled trial of occupational and physical therapy. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society67(5), 953-960.
  • Sarsak, H. I. (2020). Telerehabilitation services: A successful paradigm for occupational therapy clinical services. International Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Journal5(2), 93-98.
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