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Critical Appraisal Template
Purpose of this essay is to critically appraise the article regarding “Reading and language intervention for children at risk of dyslexia: a randomised controlled trial”. The article was published in Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. The essay will evaluate the journal article based on its background, methodological information, results, discussion and conclusion aspects.
In background section, the author has discussed the background of dyslexia and its impact on the growth of a child. In this section, the author has stated that dyslexia is a common disorder identified among children, which affects their learning and reading ability (Duff et al. 2014). On other hand, Adolf & Hogan, (2018) argued that dyslexia is a language developing disorder, which affects the growth and upbringing of a child.
Further, the author has mentioned multiple types of intervention for dyslexia. At same time, this article has covered the gap between those interventions to improve condition of dyslexia. Here, author has mentioned the importance of reading and language intervention. Here, it can be stated that the rationale of research has been mentioned in this article. In addition, author has mentioned research aims and objectives. However, a research question has not been mentioned in this article.
Study design & Methods
The author includes a separate section named methods (Duff et al. 2014).
In this research, paper author has mentioned control groups and experimental groups to determine whether reading and language intervention acts on issue of dyslexia. In this article, author has mentioned that children in the first or second year of their school will be chosen as an experimental group (Duff et al. 2014). Here, it can be stated that control group and comparison group has been mentioned in this research paper.
In terms of inclusion criteria, this article has highlighted those children who have issues of dyslexia, family risk of dyslexia or preschool language impairment. This article only includes children of 2009 and excludes children before or after 2009 (Duff et al. 2014). Here, it can be stated that this search paper mentions research including and exclusion criteria.
This research paper has not mentioned or defined any particular case or situation to determine impact of an intervention on dyslexia.
Randomised control trial study design has been utilised in this research paper to determine impact of an intervention on dyslexia (Duff et al. 2014).
This research paper has been utilised statistical method bootstrapping to analyse collected data, however, process and justification of data analysis have not been mentioned in methodology section.
This research paper does not implement any biases and mentions any confounding factors during study design.
Result section of this research paper has mentioned the following states such as describe, compare and explain. In this section, author has mentioned that they utilised regression, ANCOVA process to compare outcomes among control group and experimental group. In this context, this research paper has mentioned that the experimental group improved their speech condition after 9-week of intervention compared to the control group (Duff et al. 2014). Therefore, it can be stated that result section has been followed by explaining, compare and description process.
In result section, this research paper has identified that intervention helped the experimental group compared to the control group, therefore, it can be stated that this paper met the research objective in the result section (Duff et al. 2014).
Result section of this research paper adequately developed table figures to meet research objectives. In the context of tables and figures, this research paper has mentioned the relative advantages of the experimental group with the control group. Further, a pathway to show the entire model regarding intervention and its impact on dyslexia has been covered (Duff et al. 2014). Mean value of each intervention among control group and experimental group has been identified in this research paper. However, throughout the research paper, the author has not identified any confounding factors that may create issues.
Discussion section of this research paper mentions developed meaningful thoughts and considers each section of the results part. In discussion section, this research paper has mentioned the entire pathway that was identified in the result section to determine the impact of intervention in controlling the issue of dyslexia. Further, the author has been focused on the regression section to determine advantages of interventions to control the issue of dyslexia. Here, it can be stated that this research paper has developed thoughtful information regarding the impact of an intervention on the issue of dyslexia.
In the discussion section, this search paper has mentioned a limitation of the research paper (Duff et al. 2014). However, in the discussion section, this research paper has not separated any section named limitation.
In the discussion section, this research paper has developed huge new information and insight regarding the impact of an intervention to control the issue of dyslexia. This search paper has identified that intervention needs to be too short to improve the oral language (Duff et al. 2014). Further, this article has identified that effective interventions improve the issue of dyslexia and improve speech disorders. On other hand, Al Otaibaet al. (2018) stated that elementary grade intervention was also implemented to improve the condition of dyslexia.
These interventions such as reading and language interventions may be applied to public health to improve the issue of dyslexia (Duff et al. 2014).
This research paper has identified effective interventions such as literacy knowledge; reading and language intervention play significant roles to control the issue of dyslexia. Simultaneously, this research paper identified that effective intervention will improve the learning and speech ability of people (Duff et al. 2014). This research paper is well structured and well written regarding the impact of interventions to control the issue of dyslexia. This research paper has identified that multiple interventions have several roles in controlling the issue of dyslexia. This paper identified small improvements in dyslexia after implementing letter knowledge, phenomenon awareness and minimum literacy intervention. Here, it can be stated that these interventions may be implemented among public health and the population to control the issue of dyslexia.
Adlof, S. M., & Hogan, T. P. (2018).Understanding dyslexia in the context of developmental language disorders. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 49(4), 762-773.https://pubs.asha.org/doi/full/10.1044/2018_LSHSS-DYSLC-18-0049?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori%3Arid%3Acrossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub++0pubmed
Al Otaiba, S., Rouse, A. G., & Baker, K. (2018). Elementary grade intervention approaches to treat specific learning disabilities, including dyslexia. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 49(4), 829-842. https://pubs.asha.org/doi/abs/10.1044/2018_LSHSS-DYSLC-18-0022?rfr_dat=cr_pub++0pubmed&url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori%3Arid%3Acrossref.org
Duff, F. J., Hulme, C., Grainger, K., Hardwick, S. J., Miles, J. N., &Snowling, M. J. (2014). Reading and language intervention for children at risk of dyslexia: a randomised controlled trial. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 55(11), 1234-1243. 10.1111/jcpp.12257