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Work with Diverse People & Promote Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Cultural Safety Assignment Q & A

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Introduction: Work with Diverse People & Promote Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Cultural Safety 

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Part A

Question 1




Cultural Awareness

Cultural awareness encourages and promotes the lifestyle and well-being of aboriginal and Torres strait islander people.

The diverse values of these groups make them culturally aware to appreciate beliefs and customs.

Cultural Safety

Cultural safety considers as demonstrating the values, and principles to enable cross-cultural decisions. 

Creating an environment safe for this kind of diverse people and shared knowledge

Cultural Competence

 Gaining knowledge to demonstrate the indigenous culture interaction to analyse the attitude towards cultural differences

Discrimination and racism for colonization and continuing effect on healthcare


A person's ethnicity considers the culture in a specific geographic region that involves customs, language, religion and heritage to explore the identity.


Race is generally a category of humans based on certain distinctive physical traits as a person's self-identification in the social group has been evaluated.

Question 2

Question 3



Sexual Identity

It considers the person's thought process of analysing sexually attracted preferred sexual orientation. The involvement of gender identity, role, and biological gender has consisted of it.


A person born with female and male biological traits combination that consider as having both testicular and ovarian tissue to consider the response of hormones.


A physically or mentally impaired person with sustainable limits in life activities as the difficulty in different circumstances leads to developing power for creating opportunities.


The person's gender identity and expression behaviour have not conformed to sex at the time of assignment at birth. As it is different from their sex at the time of birth the biological identity is opposite to their behaviour.


It has been considered a system of social relationships for effective moral and belief systems to consider ritual and social relations based on religion.


Socially constructed behaviour, roles, and norms are played by a woman, girl, man, and boy to construct relationships to dress, accommodate and nurture based on the characteristics of a particular group. 


Boomers to zoomers a wide range of ages represent the diversity among people based on focusing on the metrics of religion, sexual orientation, and ethnicity.

Question 4

Aboriginal and Torres strait islander people are the indigenous people in Australia having a distinct cultural group. Based on the 250 different languages considered. The rural and urban residences diversified the central heritage to analyse mainland Australia and Tasmania that are nomadic.

Question 5 


Social, Political or Economic

Loss of connection to land and kinship ties

Social issue

Stolen Generation

Political issue

Local laws are being made without the recognition or acknowledgement of local people and communities

Political issue

Lower rates of school attendance

Economic issue

Higher rates of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs abuse or misuse

Economic issue

Remote service provisions

Political issue

Higher incidents of suicide and mental health issues

Social issue

Higher unemployment rates in remote communities

Economic issue

Higher rates of depression lead to lower engagement rates in employment and training

Economic issue

Lower rates of school completion lead to lower rates of employability skills

Economic issue

Culturally inappropriate services and remote accessibility

Social issue

Poor service provisions especially in remote communities

Political issue

Question 6

Potential Needs


Physical health needs

Regular aerobic exercise has preferred to manage heart rate and helps to strengthen muscles for the well-being of the client.

Physical activity is creating a major impact on the overall health of people that used wheeled mobility devices.

Mental and emotional health needs

Respect personal space and engage at the time of need to fulfil their self-satisfaction and completeness.

Before offering help ask them as too much involvement feel discomfort for him and creates underconfident behaviour.


Lock the wheels and lift footplates for safety and protection.

Anti-tipping bars from the rear of the wheelchair have not been removed for maintenance precautions.

Question 7

Personal behaviour

Reducing social cohesion and increased conflict along with a positive influence to learn about new cultures and knowledge.

Interpersonal relationships

Promote understanding behaviour and develop a supportive environment


Perception is more accurate rather than assumption and considered diversity with a wide range of influence.

Social expectations of others

Develop cordial relation that supports the environment by reducing social stigma.

Question 8

Language and cultural interpreters

SBS learning program

Reflect the commitment to change

Develop leadership practices


People of different gender identities, ages, disabilities, cultures, socioeconomic status

Reveals different people having their places in the organization.

Question 9

Human Need

Human Right


Education and employment need

Right to work and education

The relation between human need and right is that the need of humans is education and employment. This has been considered a human right through analysing its importance as to survive and family education and employment are important. Thus, the interrelation between need and right is based on its importance in human life.

Question 10





People are treated less favourably because of their culture in Australia such as the aboriginal and Torres strait islander group

“Racial Discrimination Act 1975”


Discrimination based on religion is considered unlawful under this act.

“Religious Discrimination Bill 2021”

Sexual and gender identity

Treated unethically to people and another person in a similar situation because of gender identity, sexual orientation, and intersex status

“The Sex Discrimination Act 1984 (SDA)”


Treating unfairly because of the disability to access education and employment for equal opportunities.

“The Disability Discrimination Act 1992 (DDA)”


Age discrimination is based on employment consideration based on age.

“The Age Discrimination Act 2004 (ADA)”

Question 11

As a community service worker “The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Protection Act 1984 (ATSIHP Act)” helps to promote cultural heritage as the territory law has not been effective in maintaining the distinction based on cultural diversity. Thus, the act helps to protect the group of people to be culturally aware and provide equal opportunities equal to other Australian citizens.

Question 12

Social justice for the Torres islander group has worked as a fundamental right to protect the culture and participate in decisions making process through setting equality against discrimination. Consider harmony with the community the indigenous people's community advocacy restore justice.

Question 13

Diverse Persons

Changing Practices

Persons with disabilities

Adapting the Australian government of the UN convention considered the rights of persons with disability as the support of funding free and independent counselling has a major change.

People from diverse cultures

Cultural diversity is based on promoting education for effective community resilience and establishes a “Talent Pool”.

The LGBTI community

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities

Refugees and asylum seekers

Question 14



Human Rights

“Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986”

Conciliating complaints of discrimination.

Consider public inquiries into human rights issues and provide suggestions (Behrendt, 2019).

Anti-Discrimination Law

“Anti-Discrimination Act 1991 ”

 Protect people from discrimination

Protect from sexual harassment. 

Bring a complaint against unfair discrimination.

Service’s Access and Equity Policy

“Access and Equity Policy”

 Individual needs have satisfied by reducing diversity barriers

Engage people in government-funded services (Robinson et al. 2020).

Question 15


· One (1) Right: “Equal Opportunity Act 201”

Three (3) Responsibilities:

 1: protect employees

 2: take action against discrimination

 3: bullying or victimisation analysis (George, 2021)


One (1) Right: Disability and Inclusion Act 2014

Three (3) Responsibilities:

 1: Accessibility of mainstream services and facilities

 2: provision of funding, support and better services 

 3: promotion of community inclusion 

Question 16


$13,320 per contravention for an individual


legal action against the employer of the offender (Uhlmann et al. 2021)

Question 17


Type of Event



Unfairly treatment against the group of Torres islanders

negative mental health with early exposure to racism

Loss of land and culture

European settlers threw up the Indigenous people for their land 

loss of languages and disrespect

European settlement

the colonisation of Australia by European settlers

 Loss of homelands for the forced removal of children and denial to give citizenship rights.

Past and present power relations

trauma of colonisation 

Conflict over white and Indigenous power

Lower rates of school completion

Islander students are below the rates for non-Indigenous students (Bryant et al. 2021)

 lower academic achievement

Question 18

Factors thatContribute to Ill Health

Common Diseases

poor nutrition

Rheumatic heart disease (RHD)

Mental disorders

chronic lower respiratory diseases

physical inactivity

lung and related cancers 

Excessive alcohol consumption

Diabetes (George, 2021)

Question 19

The trauma creates a major impact on Torres islanders as it creates difficulty to make decisions due to anger, sadness, and trouble emotions it creates difficulty to make decisions (Robinson et al. 2020). Along with that, communication issues happen due to the belief of faulty communication creates challenges. After that, the lack of understanding due to the trauma effect leads to retaining the information given to them creating difficulty at the time of feeling distressed and anxious.

Question 20

Establishing reliability reality checking helps to ensure the leadership skills that help to develop decision-making power (Walker et al. 2021).

Question 21




 Cultural interpreter

Acts as a mediator between people from different cultures to facilitate understanding of the other's perspective and culture.

Poetry reading groups interpret culture for different religions or groups of people.

Cultural broker

Interprets values, traditions and culturally accepted norms. 

 Cultural broker cultural groups for helping people effectively to navigate health and education for better human service (Bryant et al. 2021).

 Language interpreter

Interprets spoken and written language from English to the language spoken by the person word for word and vice versa.

 One country member has communicated with the other country member for international trade hence the mediator or language interpreter is used.


Question 1

Cultural Diversity Report

Traditional Land Name: 

 Queensland and Papua New Guinea

Belief System:

 They believe that land, skies, sea, and other environmental things were created by their ancestors. Therefore, they think of the country as a deeply spiritual as well as symbolic place.

Impact of European Settlement on Their Culture, Kinship and Land:

 European Settlement has a devastating impact on the culture of the Torres Strait Islander people. They were subjected to injustice such as being displaced from their lands or relocated or even mass killings.

Adverse Impact of Western Systems and Structures on Their Culture, Kinship and Land:

 They lost their traditional lands as well as traditional culture and also removed their children from them. Therefore, they lost their citizenship rights to those lands.

Importance of Law and Kinship:

 This structures relationships, behaviours, and obligations of the people towards each other.

Potential Impact of Cultural Factors When Working with Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander People:

They experience discrimination, shame and parting from family as well as the community in case confidentiality might break.

Question 2

Wellness Community Centre – Cultural Safety Questionnaire

Introductory Statement: These questions have been developed by sharing respect and knowledge of the Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander People. This helps them to key aspects of cultural safety.



Did you ever face wrong behaviour from other people?

Yes, I faced misbehaviour from other Australian people as I am black and my language is different from theirs.

Did You ever experience cultural disrespect from other communities? 

Yes, the other people mocked my traditional culture. 

Did you displace your traditional lands?

No, I did not face this kind of situation but my parents experienced it. 

Did You face discrimination in school or college?

In my childhood, I faced this type of weird behaviour from other children.

Did your lost ancestors from their citizenship rights?

Yes, my ancestors lost their citizenship as they were denied their citizenship rights.

Thank you for taking the time to complete this questionnaire. Your responses will be kept confidential.

Question 3

Two (2) Key Aspects of Cultural Safety:


 The learning experience needs to be spread with dignity in the programs.


 Need to share knowledge, respect and sound communication.

Evaluate Cultural Safety at Wellness Community Centre:

Require to involve the Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander People in evaluations and also evaluate services and programs against desired results.

Question 4


The concerned people need to identify and recognize the stereotypical barriers.


Need to focus on open, value-free, clear, and respectful communication with other people, especially Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.


Do not reflect your own culture on others' beliefs, culture and attitude.

Question 5

Action Plan


Need to focus on open, value-free, clear, and respectful communication with other people, especially Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.




By When

Showing respect for other cultures


 Members of Wellness Community Centre

At the time talking or doing any work with them.

Developing trust


 Members of Wellness Community Centre

At the time communication

Do not avoid their artwork


People those visited the artwork

At the time of the program

Provide a cultural environment for them


Members of Wellness Community Centre

At the time of the program

Do not recognize them as different from others


Members of Wellness Community Centre

At the time of the program

How will you measure whether the recommendation has been effective?

 After finishing the programs, you can take feedback from the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients that if their comfortable has increased or not.

How will you encourage the involvement of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients in the implementation process?

Need to support them and provide them with the confidence for joining in the implementation process and sharing their work with other people. Talking about their experience and expectations.

Question 6




Need to focus on the action plans that are developed


Respected officer

This is to inform you that our members of the wellness centre have decided to set some effective action plans for increasing the cultural safety of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients in the program. Therefore, it is required to input the action plan into the norms of the centre so that all the people can experience the same environment.

Please kindly check into the matter and implement the action plan.



Question 7

How can I improve my communication with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people?

 Require showing respect for their language at the time of interacting with them and also avoiding stereotypes.

Do I demonstrate aspects of cultural safety in my current coursework or life? Explain your answer

 Yes, need to demonstrate aspects of cultural safety as this helps to increase belief and respect for others' cultures. This also helps to show shared meaning, Shared respect, and shared knowledge.

List three (3) practices or techniques you use in your current work or study that model cultural safety.

 Learn about different cultures

 Interact with different types of people

 Attend diversity-focused conferences.


Question 1

Cultural Diversity Report

People who have immigrated to Australia from South America.

What trauma, social exclusion and/or negative attitudes have this group been subjected to?

  • Learning Australian English
  • Finding jobs
  • Discrimination and racism
  • Issues in Education
  • Find a place to stay

The impact discrimination has on this group of people:

  • Arbitrary arrest
  • No freedom of movement
  • No employment of them

People who have sought asylum as a refugee in Australia from a country of the Muslim faith.

What trauma, social exclusion and/or negative attitudes have this group been subjected to?

  • Immigration detention until those people are granted their visa or extracted from the country
  • Did not find any affordable place to stay
  • Culture barriers
  • Language barriers
  • Community support lost
  • Shortage of resources

The impact discrimination has on this group of people:

  • Restricted movement
  • Arrest without any proper reason
  • Face transportation issues

Question 2

  • Negative judgment of other people's cultures
  • Wrong assumptions of their approaches
  • Religious beliefs
  • Wrong ethical concepts
  • Differentiate on their race

Question 3

This might increase the negative impact on the process of recruiting new candidates or might slow down those employees' promotions. On the other hand, it impacts the employee's relationship and thus affects the productivity of the workplace (Marcelin et al. 2019). Unconscious biases can increase difficulties and barriers to working for those people who suffer

Question 4

Need to improve on:

 Need to improve my communication with other cultural people in the workplace.

Improvement strategy:

Maintain etiquette at the time of talking

Avoid smiling in their talking pattern (Irwin, 2020)

Listen to their ideas and opinion.


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