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Intellectual disability Case Study Assignment Sample

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Intellectual disability is one kind of mental issue, which are affecting on intellectual functioning, such as problem solving, judgment and learning of an individual. Michelle was a disabled girl who suffered from an intellectual disability. This assignment has shed light on the challenges that faced by Michelle and her mother while admitted to the hospital. In addition, strategies and key elements are included for improving healthcare professionals’ experiences and a theoretical aspect is discussed.

Challenges are faced by Michelle and her mother while seeking healthcare

Michelle is 28 years old young girl who was suffering from intellectual disabilities such as acting out violently and from an ear infection. In addition, she was unable to speak in a proper way; hence, her mother Maureen McIlquham had decided to admit her daughter to the hospital. Moreover, the healthcare professionals did not provide Michelle proper treatment and she was unable to take proper care from the healthcare organization (Abc, 2022). Due to intellectual disability, the life expectancy or life span of every individual is becoming 26 years shorter. Additionally, due to intellectual disability, individuals or children are unable to communicate with others, resolve issues and learn new things (Hussain et al. 2019). While admitted to the hospital, Michelle and her mother faced some issues such as

Deficient Manpower

Healthcare professionals are playing a crucial role in providing special care as well as treatment to patients to overcome critical health issues. Shortage of healthcare professionals or lack of skilled healthcare staff in hospitals is raining some issues, which affect both the organization and patient’s health status (Wilson et al. 2020). As per the case study, Michelle faced a similar issue while admitted to the hospital for taking treatment in terms of overcoming the intellectual disability issue. Additionally, while she was admitted to the hospital, she was not provided proper treatment even after requesting it (Abc, 2022). Henceforth, it can be recommended that having efficient work force or effective healthcare professionals may help to provide proper treatment and care to the patients to overcome their critical health issues.

Patient Negligence

Patient negligence is a major issue, which is faced by every patient while taking treatment from a healthcare organization in recent days (Watson et al. 2019). According to the case study, Michelle faced this kind of major issue, such as all physicians denying providing treatment to her due to her disability. Additionally, she was discharged without any kind of treatment and after that, she died. Henceforth, Michelle’s mother said that her child might not die if she was provided proper treatment. Hence, it can be suggested that taking special care and avoiding negligence while providing treatment to the patient may help the patient to overcome the health issue.

Strategies for health professionals to promote shared decision-making and improve the experience and outcomes

Effective strategies are helping healthcare professionals in providing proper treatment and care to critically ill patients to overcome their health issue. Moreover, children who are aged between 5 to 13 years are observed that they are suffering from this kind of disability. In addition, nearly 4.4. % of children is suffering from Intellectual disabilities in Australia every year (Aihw, 2022). Strategies such as Understanding the patient culture and personal preferences and Engaging with patients are effective or beneficial for promoting shared decision-making of all healthcare professionals. Additionally, those strategies are helping to improve their experiences and outcomes in a healthcare organization (Lin et al. 2020). Providing proper education to the patients is helping to improve patient's knowledge about how to lead a normal or healthy lifestyle in the future. As per the case study, the healthcare professionals may require behaving properly with Michelle in terms of reducing her stress and it is helping her to overcome her critical health condition. On the other hand, understanding a patient’s requirements or preferences may help in providing care or treatment accordingly (Aihw, 2022). Henceforth, it is helping to improve every healthcare professional in improving his or her experiences.

Engaging with the patients is another strategy, which is helping to provide proper treatment and special care to improve the patient’s health status. As opined by Boland et al. (2019), engaging with the patient family members or patients is helping gain knowledge about the preferences of patients and it is helping the healthcare staff in providing treatment providing to tier health stratus. Likewise, in this case study, doctors or healthcare nursing staff may be required to engage with Michelle in terms of providing care or treatment according to her health status. Henceforth, it is helping her to overcome critical health issue and lead a normal lifestyle (Abc, 2022). This strategy is helping to improve both the experiences as well as outcomes of healthcare professionals. Henceforth, those healthcare professionals and nursing staff can provide proper treatment and care to disabled individuals to overcome their health issues. Moreover, Michelle can be provided proper treatment and special care for helping her to overcome her health issue and easily lead a healthy and safe lifestyle in the upcoming days.

Key components of person-centered care and provide evidence-based rationales

Patient-centered care is one kind of treatment, which is provided to the patients as well as received by patients with respect as well as dignity. Moreover, it involves them with proper decisions in terms of improving the health status of patients. As depicted by Gautam et al. (2020), patient-centered care is helping to decrease the negative risks, neglect recipients of social care and harmful treatment as well as services. In addition, there are major elements present which help to improve the entire procedure of Patient Centered care. Treating patients with dignity and respect, providing personalized care, providing coordinated treatment and support and creating health care-patient relationships are major elements of patient-centered care which are provided to the patients to overcome their health issues (Boland et al. 2019). According to the case study, Michelle is required to provide treatment with respect as well as dignity in terms of improving her intellectual disabilities (Abc, 2022). On the other hand, the healthcare professionals for providing special care or proper treatment to her to overcome eth disability ignored her. Additionally, Michelle suffered from an ear infection; hence, she acted out violently of heavy pain but doctors neglected her to provide treatment and discharged her without any kind of care or treatment.

Patient centered care is helping to improve patient’s health status and lifestyle. The Structure of Intellect Theory can be implemented in terms of providing special care to intellectual disable individuals. In addition, with the help of this theory, the performance of an individual and intellectual tests may be tracked back to underline the mental disabilities or factors which affect the mental state (Geukes et al. 2019). In addition, the major elements of this theory are products, operations and contents and those are well known as core dimensions. Moreover, this theory is helping healthcare professionals in providing the best treatment and engaging more with patients than more. According to the case study, all the healthcare professionals were not willing to provide treatment to Michelle due to her health status (Abc, 2022). Additionally, she was discharged on that day; after a few hours of discharge, Michelle died. Henceforth, it can be suggested that providing proper treatment and care may help Michelle to overcome her critical health status.


The entire research study has summarized strategy to special care and providing proper treatment may, help to overcome any kind of health issue specifically Intellectual Disability. As per the case study, it has been observed, Michelle suffered from Intellectual disabilities and she has faced patient negligence issue. Henceforth, engaging with patients and family members of Michelle can help healthcare professionals in providing accurate treatment according to their health status. In addition, the Structure of Intellect Theory is helping healthcare staff to provide special care to intellectually disabled individuals.


Journal Articles

  • Boland, L., Graham, I. D., Légaré, F., Lewis, K., Jull, J., Shephard, A., ... & Stacey, D. (2019). Barriers and facilitators of pediatric shared decision-making: a systematic review. Implementation Science, 14(1), 1-25.
  • Gautam, M., Thakrar, A., Akinyemi, E., & Mahr, G. (2020). Current and future challenges in the delivery of mental healthcare during COVID-19. SN Comprehensive Clinical Medicine, 2(7), 865-870.
  • Geukes, C., Bröder, J., & Latteck, Ä. D. (2019). Health literacy and people with intellectual disabilities: What we know, what we do not know, and what we need: A theoretical discourse. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(3), 463.
  • Hussain, R., Janicki, M. P., Knox, M., Wark, S., & Parmenter, T. (2019). Perspectives about support challenges facing health workers assisting older adults with and without intellectual disability in rural versus urban settings in Australia. Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 44(2), 174-183.
  • Watson, J., Voss, H., & Bloomer, M. J. (2019). Placing the preferences of people with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities at the center of end-of-life decision making through storytelling. Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 44(4), 267-279.
  • Wilson, N. J., Howie, M. V., & Atkins, C. (2020). Educating the future nursing workforce to meet the health needs of people with intellectual and developmental disability: Submission to the Independent Review of Nursing Education. doi:10.1016/j.nepr.2017.11.007


Lin, V., Smith, J., Fawkes, S., Robinson, P., & Gifford, S. (2020). Public health practice in Australia: The organised effort. Routledge.


  • Aihw, (2022). Disability in Australia: intellectual disability. Retrieved on 9th August 2022. Retrieved from:
  • Abc, (2022). People with intellectual disabilities twice as likely to suffer preventable death, study finds. Retrieved on 9th August 2022. Retrieved from:
  • Aihw, (2022). Australia's children. Retrieved on 9th August 2022. Retrieved from:
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