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Introduction: Applying the MERI Framework to Waste Management in Australia

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  • Meri framework is the natural recourse part of management.
  • It works in the evaluation process of the waste.

It means the MERI framework works as the resource that is connected to the evaluation and reporting. This particular part also works as the improvement that is related or connected to the framework. It is broad, which means the major reacting document that supplies or provides a framework that is generic. All of these are situated for various parts that are the evaluation of the waste products and reporting about them. This particular part manages the main or key assets that are situated in the country d Australia.

Waste Management

  • It is the process of managing various types of waste generated by the population for the betterment of society.
  • It involves the collection, transporting, separation and disposal of waste depending on the type of waste matter generated by society (Zhao et al. 2022).

The management of waste can be defined as the process of the various actions that are performed in the process of the appropriate management of the waste that is generated by the population from its beginning till it is finally done with. This is a very lengthy method which involves the proper accumulation, separation, transport, conditioning and disposition of wastes in a controlled manner. This is carried out through proper monitoring of waste.

MERI Framework

  • It is known as the Natural Resource Monitoring, Evaluation, Reporting and Improvement Framework. It offers a general framework for tracking, assessing, documenting, and enhancing Australia's method of managing strategic assets.
  • It includes the various human, social, natural and physical resources that are important for the society (Yazdani et al. 2021).

MERI Framework has helped in the efficient monitoring, and assessment as well as suggesting the improvement of the management of the various natural resources that are essential for the analysis of the various programs that have helped in the management of the resources that are crucial for the mankind and the life on Earth. At the time of the program, various levels of analysis and evaluation are used to help in the development of the details that have helped in the proper and efficient implementation of the MERI framework.

Purpose of MERI Framework

  • It supplies a generic framework that works on the improvement of various components that are related to the NRM programs (Kabirifar et al. 2020).
  • The main intention of the framework is to guide the development and application of the particular level of the program

Resources that are natural and various assets of management and different indicators support this part or document to guide the application that is situated in the framework. It provides a framework that is generic for monitoring. It also works as part of making a report on the approach that is connected to Australia’s main or key assets.

MERI Framework in Waste Management

  • MERI is a type of framework that is approached by the Government of Australia .
  • Monitoring, evaluation, reporting and improvement are the components of the MERI framework (Kearney et al. 2019).

The NRM or natural resource management MERI management framework is a type of broad as well as overarching document. Various types of key assets are managed through this type of framework by the Government of Australia. It helps to improve the assets of Australia. There remain four components of this type of framework and these types of components give approaches to evaluate the impact, appropriateness, efficiency and many more. 

Evaluation tools for appropriate community engagement

  • Intervention tool MCDA-C which is important for the evaluation and identification of municipal solid waste management.
  • PROKNOW-C which is another evaluation tool that is considered relevant for the proper evaluation of the waste management protocol (Zhao et al. 2022).

Identification of the indicators and evaluation of the various tools will certainly help to modify the approach towards solid waste management. Interview with the experts will help more in the evaluation process and there is a need for an appropriate community engagement program for successful implementation. Evaluation will help develop an understanding of how a campaign is performed and identifying the areas of improvement.

Engagement of community for natural resource management

  • Establishing local-level organizations which are strong enough to approach the cause. These are inter-village networks and forest farmers' organizations which are developed for this.
  • Establishing various mechanisms for managing conflicts between various stakeholders for natural resource protection through the management of waste (Kabirifar et al. 2020).

This process involves the proper establishment of the various ways in which the strong local-level of organizations could be involved in the effective management of waste. These are mostly consisting of the several networks that are established within each and every village. Several organizations of local farmers can also contribute to this initiative. Waste management involves the eruption of various conflicts between various stakeholders which could be effectively managed by establishing various methods to ensure nature protection through effective waste management.

Principles of MERI framework

  • It encloses a particular range of temporal scales.
  • This should incorporate applications of multiple lines of evidence (Jones, 2020).

This program that is actually known as the Meri framework has some main or key points of principles. It encompasses a specific range that is related to the temporal scales. It can be situated for up to fifty years or more than that. Institutional and spatial scales are also included here. The program d NRM program should include applications from more than one line that is qualitative and quantitative evidence.

  • The process of building or establishing various partnerships that are constructive.
  • The method of making meaningful and wonderful arrangements of partnerships.

The process of encouraging and building partnerships that are constructive among all the partners that are situated in the program is d NRM. NRM that is effective is situated on well-organized and meaningful arrangements that are situated in the partnership. There are some revolutions that are recognised by stakeholders. All of these are well-informed and relevant to the main matter. These are well organised or presented in the specific program.

Objectives of the program

  • This programme makes the link between various points that are monitoring and evaluation that are related to the activities.
  • This program focuses on adaptive management that is related to the NRM explicitly (Yu et al. 2021).

Meri framework aims at various parts, such as this particular program makes the link between the monitoring, process of the whole planning and various types of activities that are related to the evaluation. There are adaptive parts that are situated in the NRM explicitly that are also situated in the program. These objectives are the main part that is also situated or placed in the program that is known as the meri framework.

Various Stakeholders

  • A stakeholder is a person who has an interest in the management of waste for the betterment of the society.
  • The various stakeholders in this approach were local landholders, farmers, government, town folk and even the police who have to deal with waste management problems (Shooshtarian et al. 2020).

A stakeholder is always defined as a person or group that has a vested interest in something, in this particular case, for the proper management of the waste for the betterment of the society. The various groups of people who are having an interest in this approach are the local holders of lands, farmers of the town, ordinary people belonging to the town and the police too who also have to deal with improper waste management such as the stocks that lay astray. Other stakeholders for this programme include the government ministers of Australia, local organizations of NRM and various aboriginal communities of Australia. There are many others too.

Concept of Programme Evaluation

  • The systematic way of collecting and analyzing data to answer questions related to projects and programs is the concept of program evaluation.
  • Planning, implementation, completion, dissemination and reporting are the various stages involved in programme evaluation (Oberle et al. 2019).

Stakeholders always have an interest in the program in which they are planning to invest in. These are followed up by questions regarding the funding and related implementation. The process of evaluation is a very recent phenomenon and this is applied in a rapid way to properly implement the concept of programme evaluation. Extra sums are invested in various social programs but the impacts related to these investments are largely unknown.

Tool of programme logic

  • Programme logic defines the purpose and the functions of the programme.
  • Tools of programme logic help to give a proper map of the taken programme (Muller et al. 2019).

Programme logic helps to reduce several types of complex problems in the programme. The whole team of the project as well as the stakeholders of the programme can be able to complete the taken programme with the help of this type of logic. It helps to denote the immediate and proper outcomes and results of the taken programme. The way of managing the programme can be determined through this type of programme logic. The stakeholders of the taken project can be able to develop the plans of the project.


  • Waste management is a type of system that is taken by organisations for the regulation of waste products.
  • MERI is a type of framework that is taken by the government of Australia to regulate any type of management.

Waste management helps to reduce, dispose and prevent the waste of an organisation. The process of waste management can be done with the help of various types of strategies. MERI is one of the frameworks that is used by the Australian government to regulate various types of assessments in their country. Various types of planning of projects are improved through this type of framework.



  • Jones, S., 2020. Waste management in Australia is an environmental crisis: What needs to change so adaptive governance can help?. Sustainability, 12(21), p.9212.
  • Kabirifar, K., Mojtahedi, M., Wang, C. and Tam, V.W., 2020. Construction and demolition waste management contributing factors coupled with reduce, reuse, and recycle strategies for effective waste management: A review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 263, p.121265.
  • Kearney, S.G., Carwardine, J., Reside, A.E., Fisher, D.O., Maron, M., Doherty, T.S., Legge, S., Silcock, J., Woinarski, J.C., Garnett, S.T. and Wintle, B.A., 2019. Corrigendum to: The threats to Australia’s imperilled species and implications for a national conservation response. Pacific Conservation Biology, 25(3), pp.328-328.
  • Muller, S., Hemming, S. and Rigney, D., 2019. Indigenous sovereignties: relational ontologies and environmental management. Geographical Research, 57(4), pp.399-410.
  • Oberle, B., Bringezu, S., Hatfield-Dodds, S., Hellweg, S., Schandl, H., Clement, J., Cabernard, L., Che, N., Chen, D., Droz-Georget, H. and Ekins, P., 2019. Global resources outlook 2019: natural resources for the future we want.
  • Shooshtarian, S., Maqsood, T., Khalfan, M., Yang, R.J. and Wong, P., 2020. Landfill levy imposition on construction and demolition waste: Australian stakeholders’ perceptions. Sustainability, 12(11), p.4496.
  • Yazdani, M., Kabirifar, K., Frimpong, B.E., Shariati, M., Mirmozaffari, M. and Boskabadi, A., 2021. Improving construction and demolition waste collection service in an urban area using a simheuristic approach: A case study in Sydney, Australia. Journal of Cleaner Production, 280, p.124138.
  • Yu, A.T., Wong, I., Wu, Z. and Poon, C.S., 2021. Strategies for Effective Waste Reduction and Management of Building Construction Projects in Highly Urbanized Cities—A Case Study of Hong Kong. Buildings, 11(5), p.214.
  • Zhao, X., Webber, R., Kalutara, P., Browne, W. and Pienaar, J., 2022. Construction and demolition waste management in Australia: A mini-review. Waste Management & Research, 40(1), pp.34-46.
  • Website
  •, (2022), Stakeholders in Waste Management in Austarlia, Available at:,in%20some%20waste%20management%20activity. [Accessed on: 29th November 2022]
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