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Primary Health Care nursing role and health priorities with the application of the health promotion strategies

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Introduction

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Nurses play a major role in the community by providing support and care along with ensuring healthcare safety. As per Australian nursing guidelines nurses can play different types of roles in different areas. This assignment is focusing on the women’s health nurse. Roles and responsibilities of these nurses have been discussed along with the strategies they follow to achieve the primary health care outcomes. On the other hand, this assignment has discussed the Chronic pain pamphlet which is an important resource used by nurses to provide care to chronic pain patients.

Part A: Women’s Health Nurse

Nurses are the responsible personnel for providing care and education to the patients. They can play a major role in developing society and provide community care. For this discussion, women’s health nurses have been considered here for the discussion. These nurses are responsible for providing biological, transgender and intersex women with healthcare through their lives. They have different roles and responsibilities in terms of providing care and treatment to the women in Australia (Health.gov.au, 2022). In this case, preventive healthcare for women has been considered as the focused role. The major disorders which are included within this preventive care practice are women with cervical cancer, women with breast cancer and osteoporosis, preventing colorectal cancer and hypertension. The major purpose of this role is to keep women safe from breast cancer and cervical cancer. Apart from that this can help in avoiding major health issues like hypertension and colorectal cancer (Phipps et al. 2019). They are responsible for providing health education to the women for early treatment of breast cancer and self management. These processes can help in vulvar self-examination and pelvic examination as well. Nurses can guide the women for this. These nurses can help the women to manage their menstrual hygiene and health.

Part A.2 Importance of preventive healthcare nursing for women

Preventive healthcare is an important area to focus on providing better care to the women. Australian women tend to suffer from different diseases in comparison to men. As per the reports, in 2022, 20428 women in Australia will be diagnosed with breast cancer and the rate of breast cancer is 6.7% (Department of Health and Aged-care, 2022). Australian women are likely to have higher life expectancy but also are more likely to suffer from different chronic diseases as well. These diseases are included with cervical cancer, breast cancer, pregnancy and menopause. Preventive health care is an important area as this can help to avoid different chronic health issues and thus the burden of disease can be reduced as well. These preventive care processes are highly beneficial for women. Some of the common benefits for women and pregnant people are included with

  • Breast cancer mammography screening
  • Breastfeeding support and counselling
  • Birth control (Rudd, 2012)
  • Pap tests
  • Well visits

These supports are provided to the patients through educating them with important information and self education for the patients. Breast-self examination is an important factor in terms of avoiding the early signs of breast cancer. Hence, preventive care can help to early identification (Kinney et al. 2022). Apart from that, taking proper care and practice can help to avoid the prevalence of diseases. Another important thing is to educate women about the importance of screening and mammograms. In most of the cases, breast cancer is caused due to lack of awareness. Apart from that, these nursing treatments can help in pelvic examination which can be effective to identify the signs of pelvic cancer and menstrual disorders as well. Pregnant women are provided with proper health education to manage their own health during pregnancy and take care of the baby as well (Health.gov.au, 2022). Important education and information regarding breastfeeding are provided to the women as well. This is effective for community care as well. The preventive healthcare are important in following ways

Long terms improvement of health

This is important for early detection of diseases. In this process the potential issues are identified within the women and thus health outcomes can be prevented. These potential issues can be regarding lifestyle and practices, food habits and others. Identification of potential factors which may cause some major diseases, can help to prevent the disease.

Increasing life span

One of the major strategies to prevent healthcare is to do daily checkups. This is important for detection of diseases like breast cancer and cervical cancer in their early stages (Phipps et al. 2019). Once the diseases are detected in early stages they can be treated well and thus lifespan of people can be increased.

Reducing healthcare burden

Medical expenses can be avoided in this process as well. Preventive care can help to identify the disease before they are too serious and thus they reduce the treatment cost and can able to prevent future diseases as well.

Part B: Chronic pain pamphlet

Part B.1: General characteristics

Chronic pain pamphlet is one of the major materials for chronic pain management. As per the guidelines of Australian healthcare policies, it is important for the nurses and healthcare practitioners to document every information regarding the health care issue of the patients. Another major area of focus is to communicate with the patients as a part of healthcare education (Rudd, 2012). In this process, it is important for the nurses to provide information to the patients regarding chronic pain. These pamphlets are included with information regarding the different types of chronic pains, the major outcomes of the pains, self management activities and the medications.

Part B.2: Intended purpose of this resource

The key purpose of chronic pain pamphlets is developed for the patients with chronic pain and the major aim of this process is to provide information regarding the pain, the cause of the pains and the preventive measures along with the medications. In this case, the major factors which cause chronic pains are provided and people are provided with self-management tips to manage chronic pains (Baron et al. 2017). These tips can help to avoid the prevalence of this disease and the major health outcomes. The pain control tips for controlling the pain are discussed in this pamphlet as well.

Part B.3: Suitability of resource

As per the guidelines of CDC, it is important to maintain good communication with the patients in terms of reducing the burden of disease and managing different diseases. In this process, chronic pain pamphlets are a major element to communicate with the patients with chronic pain (Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009). This is suitable as the information is written in easy language which can be easily understood by the patients. The information is supported with relevant images and diagrams. For example, in case of discussing any exercise to manage the pain, a diagram of the exercise is added in the pamphlet so that the patients can understand it easily (Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care, 2017). Three pamphlets are made with larger fonts to make it suitable for the old age population as well as they are the worst sufferers of chronic pain. However, in this casem one thing should be looked after if the information is visually understandable as well. This is important for the patient's low literacy rate (Rudd, 2012).

Part B.4: Strengths and limitations

Chronic pain pamphlets are one of the most common healthcare resources used in Australia. However, there are some major advantages and disadvantages of chronic pain pamphlets. Some major advantages as follows

Cost effective

Healthcare education is included within the healthcare cost as well. In terms of spreading healthcare education, campaigns and programs are arranged which are highly expensive. On the other hand, using pamphlets to share the information and spread education among the people are less costly.

Informative

Pamphlets are included with lots of information within a small space. Apart from that, they are included with images and diagrams as well which can help the patients to understand the information if they have low educational capability.

Visually pleasing

Pamphlets usually use attractive fonts and colourful images to attract consumers. Making it attractive can help the readers to motivate themselves towards self management. Fonts are chosen wisely in case of medical pamphlets as there are consumers from different age groups. The language used is simple and understandable. This process makes healthcare education pleasing.

However, there are some major disadvantages of these pamphlets as well

Quality issue

Most pamphlets are developed on paper. Hence, they are easily damageable. The poor quality may hamper the visual appearance of the information as well.Pamphlets are ignored by consumers easily. In case of conducting any programs or campaigns, the impacts of healthcare education are high enough. In the case of pamphlets, they are easily discarded after reading it once (Sium, Giuliani & Papadakos, 2017). If the information is presented using pamphlets it is not considered as important as other resources by the patients and thus the intention of the resource is neglected.

References

Health.gov.au (2022). National Women’s Health Strategy 2020-2030. Retrieved on: 27th September 2022 from:

https://www.health.gov.au/sites/default/files/documents/2021/05/national-women-s-health-strategy-2020-2030.pdf

Department of Health and Aged-care (2022). About preventive health in Australia. Australian Government. Retrieved on: 27th September 2022 from:

https://www.health.gov.au/health-topics/preventive-health/about

Phipps, M. G., Son, S., Zahn, C., O'Reilly, N., Cantor, A., Frost, J., ... & Women's Preventive Services Initiative. (2019). Women's Preventive Services Initiative's well-woman chart: a summary of preventive health recommendations for women. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 134(3), 465-469.

Kinney, R. L., Haskell, S., Relyea, M. R., DeRycke, E. C., Walker, L., Bastian, L. A., & Mattocks, K. M. (2022). Coordinating women's preventive health care for rural veterans. The Journal of Rural Health, 38(3), 630-638.

Sium, A., Giuliani, M., & Papadakos, J. (2017). The persistence of the pamphlet: on the continued relevance of the health information pamphlet in the digital age. Journal of Cancer Education, 32(3), 483-486.

Baron, R., Heesterbeek, Q., Manniën, J., Hutton, E. K., Brug, J., & Westerman, M. J. (2017). Exploring health education with midwives, as perceived by pregnant women in primary care: A qualitative study in the Netherlands. Midwifery, 46, 37-44.

Rudd, R. (2012). Guidelines for assessing material. Retrieved on: 27th September 2022 from: https://cdn1.sph.harvard.edu/wpcontent/uploads/sites/135/2012/09/resources_for_assessing_materials.pdf

Centres for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009). Simply put, a guide for creating easy-tounderstand materials. Retrieved on: 27th September 2022 from: https://www.cdc.gov/healthliteracy/pdf/simply_put.pdf

Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care. (2017). Health literacy fact sheet 4: writing health information for consumers. Retrieved on: 27th September 2022 from: https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/sites/default/files/migrated/Health-LiteracyFact-Sheet-4-Writing-health-information-for-consumers.pdf

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