Strategies For Working With Gifted Children
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The gifted child and the talented children can be seen in every social group or culture and the physical and intelligible learning varieties. There are different types of considerations for this gifted child which have influenced the social terms to use it. At present, giftedness is basically based on an undermost set of theories which is considerable. The school teachers have targeted an amount of gifted and talented students in their careers (ARSLAN, 2018). There is no definition of giftedness so growing the methods of the tasks to signify giftedness in the school.
Gifted children or students are the children who are potentially average in one or more domains of development. Giftedness is a creative ability that is basically high. The government has specialized the gifted children as creative, artistic, and intellectual which helps to identify the students and to know what academic programs they need the most (ATE?, 2018). In the population of students, 6-10% of gifted children are academically talented according to “The National Association”. These students need the teacher's attention most to quickly learn.
The meaning of nurturing is feeding a child by exposing new creative ideas and experiences to grow the child’s interest in it which will help the children to be creative. If the child is very interested in spider-man then expose all the interesting stories and tell them and buy them all the related toys and books to know better and grow their interest more than before (Bildiren, 2018). Not only this topic but any other topic also can be exposed in front of them to grow their interest and help them to know about those interesting things. Nurturing the child can help the child to think innovatively and it also helps them be creative in their life.
Discussion on many language art activities that those students can use in their classroom is important. If the student is very good at writing or he/she loves to write then it will be a plus point for those teachers or the parents to guide them on it for the improvement and it will help them to learn more activities which are related to it and frequently telling interesting stories to them to make attention to grow their interest in it (Bochkareva, et al., 2018). Mathematics can help those students to solve the creative puzzle and also give them the information about the internet and make their research on any topic through it.
The parents of those gifted children must have to understand the issues and challenges that arise from their child. The social factors are totally different for the gifted children and their parents than the other normal children. They are so emotionally weak that anyone can hurt them easily (Cain, et al., 2019). They need to pay attention and pamper the other people which can impact them positively and help them to be mentally strong. They are different from the other children in their behavior, rules of play, and appearances. These special children need to explore the environment to be in touch with it. Because they are getting hurt socially so most of the time they are deep into depression and it has a bad impact on them. It needs to be cured so nature is the best healer for those children.
Gagne has created a model by reflecting on gifted children to provide them with teaching and help them to learn logically. In the early learning sessions, the teachers have to focus on gaining the attention of the students by the interesting and attractive academical topics. To gain attention they might be trying to show any video clip on an interesting topic or raise their voice to get attention (Dereli, 2022). Secondly, the teachers have to explain the objectives of the learning topic to the students to know the pieces of information on it and explain to them what they have to learn from the session. The teachers have to look after the fact that the next session will be related to the previous session which can help the students to remember the previous lesson and mind it. Or after the new session ask those students about the previous session so that they can recall those learning quickly and practice it. Present some new interesting chapters which are effective to grow the knowledge and also get the major attention of the learners. To attract them use the different mediums for visualizing the learnings to remember easily. After those important sessions, it is the important duty of the teachers to guide the gifted students properly so that they can catch the information easily and understand those lessons logically. It is very essential to ensure the fact that those students are demonstrating their daily lessons or not which is taught. The changes in their behavior will be proof that they have learned those lessons effectively. After following those changes tell their parents to give feedback on every single movement (Jawabreh, 2022). So they can be encouraged by them for their good deeds and corrects the mistakes that they have done. It is the best technique to handle them in any situation. Make a short questionnaire to test the knowledge and skills of those students. At last, repeatedly practicing the lessons helps to grow their knowledge on a regular basis.
Every student can learn properly if the environment is best for learning. Because a healthy environment can help the students to learn quickly and keep their minds fresh that can help them to remember those facts logically. The environment also helps the students to think creatively to be exposed to the appropriate learning tools. Gifted and talented students have created an ideal learning environment that is very risky so many gifted and talented students feel captured or abused in normal school environments (Karlsson, 2020). Sometimes it is very difficult to face the challenges so many of the children have got trauma. So then they have to keep in touch with nature to heal their mental illness.
For giftedness parents should have to behave with their children with the proper love and care for them and pamper them every time to encourage them for their creativity. Tell them interesting stories to help them gather the knowledge. A piece of good music can heal everything so music therapy also can be used for those children. Always support them and give them innovative ideas for creating new things (Kelemen, 2020). Giftedness is a mental health disease that can recover through therapies. Always motivate them and give them the mental support to develop their mental health and get a healthy attitude toward their giftedness.
Vygotsky scaffolding is a method to teach the learners to get help to understand those educational lessons properly with the right material. The students can understand properly while working with the people practically which can help to gather the information. The learners or students have taught the learners to scaffold the material in smaller parts so the learner can easily expand their understanding of the topic more than before. Vygotsky’s scaffolding theory is basically used by gifted learners to develop their learning skills (Khodakova, et al., 2021).
Multiple intelligence Piaget is a learning tool by which a student can learn quickly about their educational content after maintaining the proper discipline. For gifted children, it is the easiest process to know their academic context (Klimecká, 2020). There is some discipline that those students have to maintain. So for this, the students have a basic knowledge or sense about their daily life leading and decision making.
On the basis of this theory of Erikson, the first phase of psychosocial development is crisis related to trust and distrust issues. In this case, the child must depend on the mother for their necessity; the reaction of the mother controls whether the child improves the perspective of trust and mistrust. Care and attention-related perspectives must be balanced in the matter of developing trust issues. If a child is getting care from his mother, the child develops a trust issue. Interruption of care, mistrust, and anxiety is the barrier to the development of a child (Lavy, 2022).
In the context of the child's growth stage, interest on the basis of autonomy takes place with a matter of trust. Tests related to the child stated the limitation of what can be stated, touched, and inquired about. On the basis of Erikson’s theory, children should be allowed to analyze the environment in their own way as safety allows along with that improvement related to the sense of self-dependency (Miedijensky, 2018). This development of senses with the help of the environment improves the self-value, initiative, and at last the concept of confidence. If the environment of the child is full of anxiety, the behavior, and actions of the child will be affected. The environment of the anxiety delivers the message to the child that the child should be ashamed of their behavior and actions.
During the development stages of the psychosocial aspect of a child, the initiative versus guilt issue is very significant. This phase occurs in a child between the ages of three to five. At this stage, the child spends a good amount of time with other children to enhance their internal skills. Children may select a game that connects with others (Novak, et al., 2018). On the basis of this stage, the children are plotting some activities while they are playing with their friends. In this way, this process allows them to develop their decision-making process along with the initiative process. Developing the behavioral aspect of the child, guilt can also develop the psychosocial development of the child.
On the basis of the model Erikson, this development phase takes place around six years of age. According to the context, children who are deeply involved in an environment that nourishes their creativity and reflects their internal abilities use their recently improving skills in the context of industriousness. Besides that, inferiority is a phase where children do not develop their sense of industry which leads to a negative effect on the children (PAPADOPOULOS, 2020). If a child develops a consciousness of inferiority depending on his or her peers, the child will face difficulties in the upcoming days.
According to the theory of Erikson’s model, the phase related to identity versus confusion takes place between the ages of 12 to 19. In the context of this stage, the phase of adolescence improves a sense of interpersonal personality (Sánchez, et al., 2020). Identity and confusion-related issues totally depend on this phase. Failure in the adolescence period leads to confusion-related issues and weak identity.
In the context of the model Erikson, this phase highlights the struggle of adults. In this phase, adults try to improve their processes related to intimacy; loving relationships also take place in this phase. Through this phase, adults achieved some skills that help them to succeed in their life. This phase helps the interpersonal development of an adult (Sayi, 2018). Fulfilling relationships along with healthy intimacy improves the psychosocial development of an adult. Failure related to this aspect leads to loneliness and isolation-related issues.
According to this phase, crisis-related aspects of psychosocial development develop in the persons that have affirmative and negative results for interpersonal development. On the basis of this theory, children rising, comprehensive work, and different kinds of organizations are very significant. Success leads to the feelings of effectiveness and fulfillment in life and failure leads to the perspective of stagnation in life which creates a negative aspect (Walsh, 2018).
According to the final stage of Erikson’s model, integrity refers to the sense of contentment related to the prosperity of life, and despair is the feelings of acerbity related to the missing opportunities and the perspective of waste of time.
To develop the early learning skills for giftedness the teachers should have to follow some strategies to attract those students and help them to learn academic sessions properly. They have to follow the presentation strategy, behavioural strategy, motivational strategy, curriculum strategy, environmental strategy, assessment strategy, and lastly enrichment strategy.
After all this strategic training the teachers and parents have to observe those students by testing them in a unique way. Parents should follow up on their child’s behavior, their daily life leading process, the child's interest in which subject, the strength that they have gained from their academic and daily lessons, and children’s skills that have developed and the teachers should follow the student’s quality, capability and creativity level of the student which he/she has gained (Winsor, 2020).
The pyramid of bloom’s taxonomy refers to the necessity of conventional knowledge that supports the high order thought process. The pyramid also indicates a distinctive learning process that acts as an individual process which is not very significant in this context. View-based on hierarchical aspects acquires some assumptions that lead the outcomes which depend on possibility.
The parents should have to collaborate with the children to develop their mental health. And the teachers are growing their professional skills to cure more students like them in the future. They have to collaborate with their clients professionally to cure the mental health of the clients and give them some knowledge and motivation for the future which will help them to lead a better life and be so innovative and creative in their future.
International teaching is a considerable decade in the higher education system. The teachers have to find the basic needs of the students and provide them with the proper knowledge on it. This study has suggested that universities which will embrace the students by their arrival.
All teachers want to provide their best education to the students. The gifted learners have different types of educational needs to reach their potential. To provide the pieces of information among the students the teachers have to set a goal or principle behind it. The goal is to identify gifted learners and provide them with the proper knowledge to improve their mental illness so they can lead a normal life like others. The goals are the most important things. To provide the training among that giftedness to grow and being creative it is the duty of every teacher.
The classroom materials, teachers, and social experiences have contributed to holistic learning. The interaction among the peer group has now become real and virtual in both acceptances. So if the students could not go to the classroom in real life then he/she can take the online classes through these facilities. It is very essential point for the learners that there is no social isolation for the students in their education.
From this essay, the main points are getting to know that every child is a gift from god. But there are some specially challenged children who are talented enough to be creative. Above some strategies are there through which those children can learn their academic sessions. For these mentally challenged children, there are some therapies that can apply to them to develop their mentality and thinking power.
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